PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING AMONG ADOLESCENT SMOKERS

Fithria Fithria, Teuku Tahlil, Adlim Adlim, Syarifah Rauzatul Jannah, Darmawati Darmawati, Cut Dirna Armada

Abstract


Adolescence is a transition period from childhood to adulthood, therefore, an adolescent need to adjust with physical and psychological change which occur in this period. This situation may cause an increasing of anxiety which trigger smoking behavior among adolescent. Smoking also related to depression which influence individual psychological well-being. The objective of this study was to identify psychological well-being among adolescent smokers including autonomy, environmental mastery, personality development, positive relationship with others, purpose of life and self-acceptance. This study was a descriptive study, sampling technique by using purposive sampling with 65 respondents in Senior High School. Data was collected by using questionnaire with Likert Scale. The study showed that psychological well-being among smokers’ adolescent was low (70,8%). Then, the study also indicated that respondent has high autonomy (55,4%) but low environmental mastery (53,8%), low personality development (55,4%), low positive relationship with others (55,4%), low purpose of life (55,4%) and low self-acceptance (55,4%). This study finds out that adolescent smokers has low psychological well-being. It is recommended to teacher for building relationship with parents in assessing adolescent problems and teach them how to cope with the problem and how to minimized anxiety during adolescence, so they will not smoke as a coping strategy when facing with a stressful life event.

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References


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