The Role of Intellectual and Spiritual Capital in Developing Halal Tourism

Agus Ariyanto, Rifyal Dahlawy Chalil

Abstract


The trend of Islamic tourism shows an immense improvement not only in Indonesia but also worldwide. In Indonesia alone, development of Islamic tourism relies on the human factor (intellectual capital) which works in tourism departments as the source of organization. The aim of the research is to test and analyses the role of intellectual capital and spiritual capital in improving the organization performance of tourism department of Aceh. The design of the research is a survey which uses multiple regressions as the data analysis method. The research object is The Tourism Department of Banda Aceh in Aceh Province. Research subjects (respondents) are 75 employees who work at the Department of Tourism City Banda Aceh. The questionnaire (Likert scale) is used as the instrument of data collection with a convenience sampling. The results show that intellectual capital and spiritual capital have a positive and significant impact on the performance of organization. Moreover, spiritual capital plays as the most pivotal in increasing the performance of tourism department of Banda Aceh

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ariawan., Sudarma, M., Djumahir, & Ghozali. (2016). The Role Of Spiritual Capital, Human Capital, Structural Capital, And Relational Capital Of Smes To Improving On Performance: Study Literature. South East Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law, 11(2), 87 – 94.

Asiaei, K., & Jusoh, R. (2015). A Multidimensional View of Intellectual Capital: The Impact on Organizational Performance. Management Decision, 53(3), 668 – 697.

Baker, C., & Smith, G. (2010). Spiritual, Religious and Social Capital – Exploring Their Dimensions and Their Relationship With Faith-Based Motivation and Participation In UK Civil Society. The BSA Sociology of Religion Group Conference, 1-40.

Bolton, M. (2003). Public Sector Performance Measurement: Delivering Greater Accountability. Work Study, 5(1), 20 – 24.

Bontis, N. (1998). Intellectual Capital: An Exploratory Study That Develops Measures and Models. Management Decision, 36(2), 63 – 76.

Chang, C. M., & Lee, Y. J. (2012). Verification of the Influences of Intellectual Capital upon Organizational Performance of Taiwan-listed Info-Electronics Companies with Capital Structure as the Moderator. The Journal of International Management Studies, 7(1), 80 – 92.

Clarke, M., Seng, D., & Whiting, R. H. (2011). Intellectual capital and firm performance in Australia. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 12(4), 505–530.

Gracia, C. (2012). Spiritual Capital The New Border To Cross. Journal of Applied Ethics, 116(3), 115–134.

Hsu, Y.H. and Fang, W. (2009). Intellectual Capital and New Product Development Performance: The Mediating Role of Organizational Learning Capability. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 76, 664-677.

Khalique, M., Bontis, N., Shaari, J. A. N., & Isa, A. H. M. (2015). Intellectual Capital in Pakistani Small and Medium Enterprises. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 16(1), 1-24.

Malik, M. S., & Tariq, S. (2016). Impact of Spiritual Intelligence on Organizational Performance. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6(2), 289 – 297.

Maltz, A. C., Shenhar, A.J., & Reilly, R. R. (2003). Beyond the Balanced Scorecard: Refining the Search for Organizational Success Measures. Long Range Planning, 36, 187 – 204.

Obeidat, B. Y., Abdullah, A. B., Aqqad, N. O., Akhoershiedah, A.H.O.M., & Maqableh, M. (2017). The Effect of Intellectual Capital on Organizational Performance: The Mediating Role of Knowledge Sharing. Communications and Network, 9, 1 – 27.

Palmer, D. A., & Wong, M. (2013). Clarifying the Concept of Spiritual Capital. The Conference on the Social Scientific Study of Religion, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Pew Research Centre (2015). The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010-2050. Report Published.

Thomson Reuters (2016). State of The Global Islamic Economy Report 2016/17. Report Published.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2017 Syiah Kuala University

ISSN: 2345-6789

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.