Student Difficulties in Solving High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Problem on Geometry Problems Viewed from the Cognitive Styles

Muslim Muslim, M. Ikhsan, Taufik Fuadi Abidin


The results of Indonesian students' mathematics learning scores from UN, PISA, TIMSS and INAP show unsatisfactory results, students are still weak in cognitive skills. Math learning aims to equip students with logical, analytical, systematic, critical, and creative thinking skills, as well as cooperative skills called higher order thinking skill (HOTS). The 2013 curriculum requires students to be familiar with HOTS issues. HOTS has a relationship and influences students' cognitive style. The purpose of the study to determine the difficulties of students in solving the problem of HOTS on geometric problems regarding cognitive style. Research using the qualitative approach, research subject consist of field dependent student (FD) and field independent (FI). Research instruments are HOTS test, interview, and GEFT test. Data analysis was done based on Miles and Huberman's stages: data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. The results showed that: 1) FD students tend to experience difficulties in the transformation and coding stages, 2) FI students tend to experience difficulties in the process skill and coding stage.

Full Text:



Agustin, K., & Linguistika, Y. (2012). Identification of Class X Student Error in Material Evaluation Characteristic of Ranking Numbers with the Rank of Integer in SMA Muhammadiyah 2 Yogyakarta. National Seminar on Mathematics and Mathematics Education in Mathematics Education Department FMIPA UNY. (Online). eprints. Unpublished Research Report.

Amalia, S. R. (2017). Error Analysis Based on Newman's Procedure in Solving Problem Stories Viewed From Student Cognitive Styles. Aksioma: Journal of Mathematics and Mathematics Education, 8(1), 17-30.

Brookhart, S. M. (2010). How to assess higher order thinking skills in your classroom. Alexandria: ASCD.

Crawford, C. M., & Brown, E. (2002). Focusing Upon Higher-Order Thinking Skills: Web Quests and the Learner-Centered Mathematical Learning Environment. Educational Resources Information Center.

Institute of Education Sciences. (2015). Comparative Indicators of Education in the United States and Other G-20 Countries: 2015. Washington: Department of Education.

Direktorat Jenderal Guru dan Tenaga Kependidikan. (2016). Teacher Learning: SMP Mathematics Module. Jakarta: Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Hanifah, E. H. (2011). Identify Student Errors in Solving Mathematical Problems Matter Material Linear Equation System Two Variables Based on Newman's Error Analysis Method: Studi Kasus SMP Bina Bangsa Surabaya (Doctoral dissertation, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya).

Hidayah, S. (2016). Analysis of Student Error in Solving Problems of SPLDV Story Based on Polya Settlement Step. Journal of Education, 1.

Hidayat, B. R., Sugiarto, B., & Pramesti, G. (2013). Analysis of student errors in solving problems on the material of three-dimensional space regarding student cognitive style. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Solusi, 1(1), 1-8.

Imswatama, A. (2016). Analysis of Student Error in Solving Problem of Analytical Geometry of Line and Circle Material Field. Suska Journal of Mathematics Education, 2(1), 1-12.

Jenderal Guru dan Tenaga Kependidikan. (2016). Teacher Learning: SMP Mathematics Module. Jakarta: Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Johnson, E.B. (2011). Contextual Teaching and Learning (terjemahan Ibnu Setiawan). Bandung: Kaifa.

Kemendikbud. (2011). The ability of Mathematics of Indonesian Junior High School Students. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan.

Kemendikbud. (2013). Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture No. 68, on the Basic Framework and Structure of SMP / MTs Curriculum. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan.

Kemendikbud. (2016). Assessment for 21st Century Learning, Learning from various assessment results. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan.

Maulana. (2014). Fundamentals of Opportunity Concepts, Ideas of Learning with a Metacognitive Approach. Bandung: UPI Press.

Pawestri, U., & Kurniawati, I. (2013). Analysis of Difficulties in Learning of Math with English Introduction to Basic Matter of Logarithm Class XI SMA Negeri Karangpandan Karanganyar 2012/2013. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Solusi, 1(1), 1-7.

Rahayuningsih, P., & Qohar, A. (2014). Error Analysis Solving Problem Story Two-Variable Linear Equation System (SPLDV) and its Scaffolding Based on Newman's Error Analysis on Grade VIII Students of SMP Negeri 2 Malang. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika dan Sains, 2(2), 109-116.

Ramos, J. L. S., Dolipas, B. B., & Villamor, B. B. (2013). Higher order thinking skills and academic performance in physics of college students: A regression analysis. International Journal of Innovative Interdisciplinary Research. 1(4), 48-60.

Sanjaya, Wina. (2011). Planning and Design of Learning System. Jakarta: Prenada Media Gru.

Supardi. (2013). Tes dan Assesmen di SD dan MI. Jakarta: Hartomo Media Pustaka.

Yee, M. H., Widad B. O., Jailani B. M.Y. (2011). The Level of Marzano Higher Order Thinking Skills among Technical Education Students, International. Jurnal Social Science and Humanity. 1(2).121-125.

Yen, T. S., & Halili, S. H. (2015). Effective teaching of higher order thinking (HOT) in education. The Online Journal of Distance Education and e-Learning, 3(2), 41-47.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2017 Syiah Kuala University

ISSN: 2345-6789

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.