Basics Statistics Critical Thinking Test : Reliability and Validity Issues

Mohd Afifi Baharudin Setambah, Nor'ain Mohd Tajudin, Mazlini Adnan


This study aims to examine the validity and reliability of Statistics Critical Thinking Test (SCTT) for Institute of Teachers Education students using the Content Validity Index (CVI). The assessment was conducted through the evaluation by 3 experts and 30 students selected via purposive sampling. The instrument involved 30 items with two main constructs such as evaluation and interpretation. The result of analysis, CVI is 0.99. This instrument also has 0.71 of reliability value. The results of the study prove that the instrument has good validity and reliability. SCTT has a great potential to be promoted as a good measurement instrument. This instrument is recommended to be used to measure critical thinking level for others college students.


validity, reliability, critical thinking, statistics

Full Text:



Chew, P. K. H., & Dillon, D. B. (2014). Statistics Anxiety Update : Refining The Construct And Recommendations For A New Research Agenda. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9(2), 196–208. 8077

Chua Y.P. (2006). Asas Statistik Penyelidikan. Kuala Lumpur: Mc Graw Hill.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2007). Research Methods in Education (Sixth edit). Abingdon: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

DeVon, H. a., Block, M. E., Moyle-Wright, P., Ernst, D. M., Hayden, S. J., Lazzara, D. J., … Kostas-Polston, E. (2007). A psychometric toolbox for testing validity and reliability [Electronic Version]. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 39(2), 155–164.

Ennis, R. H. (1993). Critical thinking assessment. Theory Into Practice, 32(3), 179–186.

Fani, T. (2011). Overcoming Barriers To Teaching Critical Thinking. In The International Conference The Future of Education (pp. 1–5). Retrieved from

Fraenkal, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H. H. (2012). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education (Eighth). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Gelerstein, D., Rio, R. del, Nussbaum, M., & Chiuminatto, P. (2016). Designing and implementing a test for measuring critical thinking in primary school. Thinking Skills and Creativity.

Ghadi, I. N., Bakar, K. A., Alwi, N. H., & Talib, O. (2013). Measuring Critical Thinking Skills of Undergraduate Students in Universiti Putra Malaysia. International of Asian Social Science, 3(6), 1458–1466.

Ghani, F. A., & Aris, M. (2012). Pembinaan, Kesahan dan Kebolehpercayaan Modul Kemahiran. Jurnal Teknologi, 58(2012), 45–50.

Jackson, S. L. (2009). Research Methods and Statistics: A Critical Thinking Approach (Third edit). Belmont: Wadsworth,cengage Learning.

Jackson, D. & Newberry, P. (2012). Critical Thinking: A User’s Manual. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Johnson, R., & Kuby, P. (2012). Elementary Statistics. Boston: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.

Kalaian, S. A., & Kasim, R. M. (2014). A Meta-Analytic Review Of Studies Of The Effectiveness Of Small- Group Learning Methods On Statistics Achievement. Journal of Statistics Education, 22(1), 1–20.

Lawshe, C. (1975). a Quantitative Approach to Content Validity 1. Personnel Psychology, (1), 563–575.

Lynn, M. R. (1986). Determination and Quantificatiom of Content Validity. Nursing Research, 35(6), 382–385.

Marlina, A., & Shaharom, N. (2010). Hubungan Antara Kemahiran Berfikir Kritis Dengan Pencapaian Akademik Dalam Kalangan Pelajar Fakulti Pendidikan Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Jurnal Teknologi,52(Mei 2010), 45–55.

Matore, M.E.M., & Ahmad Zamri Khairani, A.Z. (2015). Psychometric assessment on Adversity Quotient instrument (IKBAR) among polytechnic students using Rasch model. Proceedings of the International Conference on Education and Educational Technologies (EET 2015), (15), 52–57. Retrieved from

Ministry of Education. (1994). Kemahiran berfikir. Pusat Perkembangan Kurikulum. Kuala Lumpur: Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.

Ministry of Education. (2013). Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia 2013-2025. Ministry of Education Malaysia: Putrajaya.

Nur’Azah, A. M., & Mazlan Mohammad, A. H. (2000). Statistik. Skudai: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Oluwatayo, J. A. (2012). Validity and Reliability Issues in Educational Research. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 2(2), 391–400.

Paul, R., Fisher, A. & Nosich, G. (1993). Workshop on Critical Thinking Strategies. Sonoma State University, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking.

Peat, J., Mellis, C., Williams, K., & Xuan, W. (2002). Health Science Research: A Handbook Of Quantitative Method. Landon: Sage Publication Ltd.

Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2006). The Content Validity Index: Are You Sure You Know What’s Being Reported? Critique and Recommendations. Research in Nursing & Health, 26, 341–354.

Renjith Kumar, R., & James, R. (2015). Evaluation Of Critical Thinking In Higher Education In Oman. International Journal of Higher Education, 4(3), 33–43.

UNESCO. (2000). Dakar Framework for Action. Education for All: Meeting Our Collective Commitments. Adopted by the World Education Forum, Dakar, Senegal, April 26–28, 1999. Paris: UNESCO.

Yeh, S. S. (2001). Tests worth teaching to: Constructing state-mandated tests that emphasize critical thinking. Educational Researcher, 30(9), 12-17.

Yeoh, C. L., Mohd Afifi, B. S., Ket, L. L., & Narmal, S. (2015). Aplikasi Matematik. Bangi: Pelangi Professional Publishing Sdn. Bhd.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Jurnal Didaktik Matematika

ISSN 2355 – 4185 (print) | 2548 – 8546 (online)
Organized by Program Studi Magister Pendidikan Matematika, FKIP Unsyiah
Published by Universitas Syiah Kuala
Website :
Email     :  or  cc to

Creative Commons License

Jurnal Didaktik Matematika Published by Universitas Syiah Kuala is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at