THE EFFECTS OF TWO STAY TWO STRAY (TSTS) TECHNIQUE ON TEACHING WRITING

Nova Riskayanti, Asnawi Muslem, Sofyan A. Gani

Abstract


This experimental study aimed to investigate if there was any significant difference in writing ability between the students who were taught by using two stay two stray (TSTS) technique and those who were taught by using individual writing technique. Two classes of the first grade students of SMAN 4 Banda Aceh were selected randomly as the sample of the study; experimental and control groups. Each group consisted of 28 students. The instrument used in this study was a set of pre and post-tests. This study used t-test to see the difference achievement between experimental and control groups in terms of writing descriptive text.  The result showed that the students in EG achieved better performance in writing descriptive text. P-value got from T-test was 0.02; it was less than the level of significance (0.05). Furthermore, the mean score of the post-test of the EG increased 13.35 points compared to the pre-test, while there was a progress of 6.67 points in the CG. The result also showed a great improvement in the five aspects of writing (content and mechanical, organization, vocabulary, and grammar. In conclusion, students’ achievement in writing descriptive text improved significantly through TSTS technique.


Keywords


Two Stay Two Stray; writing; descriptive texts

Full Text:

PDF

References


Blanchard, K., & Root, C. (2003). Ready to write more: From paragraph to essay. London: Longman.

Crawford, A., Saul E.W., Mathews, S., & Makinster, J. (2005). Teaching and learning strategies for the thinking classroom. New York: The International Debate Education Association.

English First English Proficiency Index. (2014). EF EPI country rankings. Retrieved November 10, 2015 from http://www.ef.edu/epi/

Harmer, J. (1991). The practice of English language teaching. New York: Longman.

Harmer, J. (1998). How to teach English. New York: Longman.

Huda, N. (1999). Language learning and teaching: Issues and trends. Malang: IKIP Malang.

Jacob, E. (1999). Cooperative learning in context: An educational innovation in everyday classrooms. New York: New York Press.

Johnson, D. W., Johnson, R. T., & Smith, K. A. (1998). Cooperative learning returns to collage: What evidence is there that it works? Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company.

Johnson, D. W. & Johnson, R. T. (2009). Making cooperative learning work. Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company.

Kagan, S. (1992). Cooperative learning. San Clemente, CA: Kagan Cooperative Learning.

Kagan, S. & Kagan, M. (2009). Kagan cooperative learning. San Clemente, CA: Kagan Publishing.

Kessler, C. (1992). Cooperative language learning. Englewood Cliff, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Lie, A. (2002). Cooperative learning: Mempraktikkan cooperative learning di ruang-ruang kelas. Jakarta: Grasindo.

Lightbown, P. M., & Spada, N. (2001). How languages are learned. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McCafferty, S. G., Jacobs, G. M., & Iddings, A. C. D. (2006). Cooperative learning and second language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Oshima, A. & Hogue, A. (1997). Introduction to academic writing. New York: Addison Wesley Publishing Company.

Reid, J. M., (2006). Essentials of teaching academic writing. Boston: Heinle.

Saharuddin. (2013). Perubahan kurikulum dan kualitas pendidikan di Indonesia. Retrieved November 10, 2015 from http://www.kompasiana.com/%20saharuddin_lasari/perubahan-kurikulum-dan-kualitas-pendidikan-di-indonesia_5528d3186ea83487688b4567

Santoso, R. (2011). Types of cooperative learning model Two Stay Two Stray (TSTS). Retrieved January 29, 2015 from http://serc.carleton.edu/introgeo/cooperative/techniques.html

Sulisworo, D. & Suryani, F. (2014). The effect of cooperative learning, motivation and information technology literacy to achievement. International Journal of Learning & Development, 4(2), 58-64.

Swan, M. (2005). Practical English usage. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thornburry, S. (2002). How to teach vocabulary. London: England Pearson Education Limited.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.