STAD FOR TEACHING GRAMMAR (A CASE STUDY AT THE TARBIYAH AND EDUCATION FACULTY OF UIN AR-RANIRY BANDA ACEH, INDONESIA)

Syarwan Ahmad

Abstract


This Classroom Action Research was aimed at looking at the possible improvement in the process and the results of teaching Grammar III at the English Education, Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris (PBI) Department of the Education and Teacher Training Faculty (FTK), Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan, Ar-Raniry National Islamic University (UIN) Banda Aceh. The Student-Teams Achievement Division (STAD) Cooperative Technique was used in this research. In this cooperative technique, the students were put into 3 groups of 4 members for each. The groups were heterogeneous in terms of their ability. This action research was carried out over two cycles, Cycle I and II. This cooperative technique did improve the teaching process and the results. The results from observations and reflections showed that the group members worked cooperatively. They shared and discussed the task assigned to them. More importantly, they helped one another and developed tolerance. All of them enjoyed learning using STAD. In this technique the learners really construct knowledge by using inquiry learning and cooperative activities. The average score of pre-test was 67 of cycle I, posttest average was 87 and that of cycle II posttest was 88. Since this technique was proven to be effective it is recommended that the STAD Cooperative Technique be used in teaching Grammar and/or other English courses or even for any other courses particularly those that contain difficult concepts.      


Keywords


Teaching grammar; STAD Cooperative Technique; Universitas Islam Negri Ar-Raniry

Full Text:

PDF

References


Azar, B. (1992). Fundamentals of English grammar. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Creswell, J. W. (2005). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating, quantitative and qualitative research. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Hidayat. (2009). The effectiveness of student teams achievement divisions (STAD) method to teach reading viewed from students motivation. (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta.

Kasinah, S & Zulfadli. (2016). The use of STAD in improving English grammar of EFL learners. Proceeding of the First Reciprocal Graduate Research Symposium between Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris & Syiah Kuala University (pp. 186-198). February 26-28, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia.

Lougheed, L. (1986). Prentice-Hall TOEFL prep book. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Omoshehin, M. F. (2004). Effects of a training programme in cooperative learning of pre-service teachers’classroom practice and pupils learning outcomes in social studies. (Unpublished Doctoral dissertation). University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Slavin, R. E. (1995). Cooperative learning: Theory, research and practice (2nd Edition). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Suharjono. (2009). Penelitian tindakan kelas dan penelitian tindakan sekolah. Malang: Cakrawala Indonesia.

Wyk, M., van. (2012). The effects of the STAD-cooperative learning method on student acchievement, attitude and motivation in economics education. Journal of Social Science, 33(2), 261-270.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.