THE ANIMATED STORYTELLING IN AN EFL CLASSROOM: THE EFFECT ON STUDENTS’ READING ALOUD ABILITY

Nurul Inayah, Asnawi Muslem, Ulfa Muriza

Abstract


This study investigates the effectiveness of the animated storytelling in improving reading aloud ability of junior high school students in Aceh. The study concerns with 3 aspects of reading aloud, accuracy, rate, and fluency. A total of 34 male and female junior high school students were chosen randomly in SMPN 11 Banda Aceh. 17 students were selected randomly for the experimental group, and the other 17 were in the control group. The control group was taught by the regular teacher while the experimental group was supervised by the researchers.  In obtaining the data, the researchers used oral reading test, a short text consisting of 100 words, administered to students in 2 (two) classes as the pretest and posttest. The data revealed that the experimental group showed better performance that the control group on measure. The gain score achieved by the experimental group is considerably higher, 11.37, than the control group, 3.92. Also, the results also show an improvement in rate aspect that substantially rose from 10 to 28. It then indicates that the animated storytelling has a significant positive effect on the development of students’ reading aloud ability, particularly in rate aspect.


Keywords


Animated storytelling; reading aloud; accuracy; rate; fluency

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Mamun, M. D. A. (2014). Effectiveness of audio-visual aids in language teaching in tertiary level. (Unpublished Master’s thesis). BRAC University, Dhaka. Retrieved on June 10, 2016 from http://dspace.bracu.ac.bd/bitstream/handle/10361/3288/13177014.pdf

Allesi, S. M., & Trollip, A. R. (2001). Multimedia for learning: Methods and development (3rd Edition). Massachusetts: Allyn and Bacon.

Aparajita, et al. (2009). Learning and its relationship with maturation, attention and interest. Retrieved on August 4, 2016 from http://www.slideshare.net/ramarashmi/learning-and-its-relationship-with-maturation-attention-and-interest

Ariail, M., & Albright, L. K. (2005). Tapping the potential of teacher’s read-aloud in middle schools. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 48(3), 582-591.

Burt, M. (1999). Using videos with adult English language learners. Retrieved on May 11, 2016 from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED434539.pdf

Canning-Wilson, C. (2000). Practical aspects of using video in the foreign language classroom. The Internet TESL Journal, 6(11). Retrieved on November 05, 2015 from http://iteslj.org/Articles/Canning-Video.html

Chiape, P., Siegel, S., & Gottardo, A. (2002). Reading-related skills of kindergartners from diverse linguistics background. Psycholinguistics Journal, 23(1), 95-116.

Cox, D. (2007). Oral reading performance and the synergy of fluency, comprehension, and motivation: A case study of a sixth grade class. (Unpublished PhD dissertation). Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas. Retrieved on May 11, 2016 from https://ttu-ir.tdl.org/ttu-ir/bitstream/handle/2346/14905/Cox_Donna_Diss.pdf?sequence=1

Cruse, E. (2009). Using educational video in the classroom: Theory research and practice. Retrieved on August, 3rd from https://www.safarimontage.com/pdfs/training/UsingEducationalVideoInTheClassroom.pdf

Daane, M. C. & Campbell, J. R. (2005). Fourth-grade students reading aloud: AEP 2002 special study of oral reading. Washington, D.C.: Institute of Education Sciences.

Farhi, Y. (2013). The significance of audio visual aids in foreign language teaching. (Unpublished Master’s dissertation). Université Mohamed Khider Biskra, Biskra. Retrieved on May 11, 2016 from http://dspace.univ-biskra.dz:8080/jspui/bitstream/123456789/4825/1/dessertation.pdf

Harmer, J. (2001). The practice of English language teaching. London: Longman.

Gabrielatos, C. (2002). Reading loud and clear: Reading aloud in ELT. Retrieved on March 3rd, 2016 from http://www.gabrielatos.com/RA-ERIC.pdf

Gersten, R., Baker, S. K., Shanahan, T., Linan-Thompson, S., Collins, P., & Scarcella, R. (2007). Effective literacy and English language instruction for English learners in the elementary grades: A practice guide. Washington, D. C.: The Institute of Education Sciences (IES). Retrieved on October 21, 2015 from http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/

Gibson, S. (2008). Reading aloud: A useful learning tool? ELT Journal, 62(1), 29 - 36.

Green, M., & Brock. T. (2013). The power of animated storytelling. Retrieved on October, 21 2016 from http://idearocketanimation.com/3773-animated-storytelling/

Griffin, S. M. (1992). Reading aloud: An educator comments. TESOL Quarterly, 26(4), 784-787.

Kailani, T. Z. (1998). Reading aloud in EFL revisited. Reading in a Foreign Language Teaching, 12(1), 281-294.

Kowsary, M. A. & Rouhani, Y. (2013). The relationship between teacher’s storytelling aloud and reading comprehension among Iranian elementary EFL learners. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences, 3(3), 225-234.

Lafrance, A., & Gottardo, A. (2005). A longitudinal study of phonological processing skills and reading in bilingual children. Psycholinguistics Journal, 26(4), 559-578.

Lippman, M. (1997). Reading aloud to young children and their reading success in first grade. (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Kean College, Union, New Jersey.

Liu, S. (2013). Should 4th grade students read aloud or silently? Empirical implications from subsets of data taken from two large databases. International Journal of English Language and Linguistics Research, 1(3), 32-52.

Morat, B. N., & Abidin, M. J. Z. (2011). The use of video in ESL and learning: YouTube’s potential as a resource. DP, 11(2), 94-104. Retrieved on October, 21 2016 from http://education.usm.my/images/docs/DigesPendidik/DP2011-2/dp2011-2-10.pdf

Neuman, S. B., Copple, C., & Bredekamp, S. (2000). Learning to read and write: Developmentally appropriate practices for young children. Washington, DC: NAEYC.

Oueinini, H., Bahous, R., & Nabhani, M. (2008). Impact of read aloud in the classroom: A case study. The Reading Matrix, 8(1), 139-157

Paris, S. G. & Hamilton, E. E. (2009). The development of children’s reading comprehension. New York: Routledge.

Struyven. K., Dochy. F., & Janssens, S. (2005). Students’ perceptions about learning in higher education. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 30(4), 325–341.

Sumi, K., & Nagata, M. (2006). Animated storytelling system via text. ACE '06 Proceedings of the 2006 ACM SIGCHI International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology. Retrieved on March 23, 2016 from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/1190/5e46868b2b01cab2b5d973391c22703d1da2.pdf?_ga=1.49157668.347632562.1477836103

Watkins, J., & Wilkins, M. (2011). Using YouTube in the EFL classroom. Language Education in Asia, 2(1), 113 - 119.

Williams, R. T. & Lutes, P. (2007). Using video in the ESL classroom. Takamatsu University Journal, 48, 1-13.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.