ENHANCING STUDENTS’ INSIGHTS IN CONSTRUCTING REPORT TEXTS WITH ISLAMIC VALUES BY SCAFFOLDING

Suhartini Syukri, Isna Humaera, Fahmi Gunawan

Abstract


This study aims at presenting the effect of scaffolding on EFL students’ writing ability in constructing a report text by integrating Islamic values through the writing process and class presentations and capturing the students’ perceptions after the teaching-learning instruction process when scaffolding was implemented in the EFL class. In this study, 26 students from the Islamic students major in an English IV class at the State Islamic Institute (IAIN) in Kendari, South-East Sulawesi, followed a writing process in portfolio and filled out a questionnaire. The writing process approach consisted of prewriting, revising, editing and publishing by presentation a final draft of the report text. The learning strategies were adopted from cycles and stages of learning proposed by Hammond, et al. (1992). Using experimental design, the data was analyzed quantitatively. Pre-tests and post-tests were conducted for assessing the outcomes achieved by the students from what they had  been  taught. The students’ perceptions were gained from analysis of a questionnaire using a Likert scale. Students were provided with writing guidelines and assessed on five aspects such as content, organization, vocabulary, language use and mechanics. The results showed that the students’ achievements in the post-test  compared to the pre-test revealed  significant  improvement, meanwhile most of them had difficulties with the basic elements of writing, e.g. lack of structure, poor grammar and limited use of language. However, afterwards, these learners could more confidently express their ideas in their writing and report presentations. Besides, there was a positive improvement in the students’ attitudes and perceptions towards the teaching-learning process.


Keywords


Integrating Islamic values; report texts; scaffolding; students’ perceptions

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References


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