LOOKING AT PBT (PAPER AND PENCIL-BASED TEST) AS A STANDARD TEST

Hendra Heriansyah

Abstract


Generally, there are two kinds of test namely teacher made test and standard test. TOEFL is one of international standard tests that is acknowledged by many people around the world especially for those who want to pursue their further education in English speaking countries. This paper addresses and reviews a model of TOEFL that is commonly taken by test takers related to Paper and Pencil-Based Test (PBT). The structure of this paper falls into three parts. The first part is introduction that presents a general description of the TOEFL. The second part is discussions that consist of the description that becomes the underlying model of language test, the sections of test, and some things that are relevant to the test such as validity, reliability, practicality, and washback. The third is conclusion related to the discussion results and some remain that still become the problematic issues.


Keywords


TOEFL; PBT; validity; reliability; practicality; washback

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References


Fulcher, G; & Davidson, F. (2007). Language testing and assessment: An advanced resource book. Abingdon: Routledge.

Kamyab, G. (2009). Study guide: Test design (listening). Victoria: Deakin University.

Kamyab, G. (2009). Study guide: Test design (reading). Victoria: Deakin University.

McNamara, T. F. (2000). Language testing. New York: Oxford University Press.

Richards, J., Platt, J., & Weber, H. (1985). Longman dictionary of applied linguistics. Essex: Longman Group Limited.

TOEFL. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TOEFL

What is TOEFL? (n.d.) Retrieved from http://www.examenglish.com/TOEFL/index.php


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