Isna Humaerah, Suhartini Syukri, Fahmi Gunawan


This study investigated the teachers’ instruction in improving students’ motivation in speaking.  The objective of this study was to identify the instruction that usually given by the lecturer when teaching speaking and its impact to students’ speaking improvement. The subjects of this study were three teachers of speaking classes for students in their third semester at the Muhammadiyah University in Kendari in the 2014/2015 academic year. This study used a descriptive qualitative design whereby data was gathered through classroom observations, recording of classroom activities and documentation. The findings showed that the lecturers’ instructions were effective in improving the motivation of their students. Having students more fun in various activities, discussion, doing pair work to help each other in accomplishing task, and being motivated to complete complex tasks. The lecturers tended mostly to use direct instructions for teaching speaking. For example, asking frequent questions to see if the students understood the work they have to do, or by giving students frequent opportunities to practice what they have learned. By giving instructions, the students’ motivation to speak increased. The students were also motivated to be more active in the teaching-learning processes that resulted in improvements in their speaking ability.


Motivation; speaking class; teachers’ instructions

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