Logeswari Arumugam M. Pillay, Ainon Omar, Raja Nor Safinas Raja Harun, Nurfilzah Zainal


This paper reviews literature on the issues of teaching and learning of higher order thinking skills, and the factors which influence the understanding of the teaching and learning HOTs among TESL student teachers in higher educational institutions. Other issues related to the teaching and learning of higher order thinking skills (HOTs) are also discussed in this paper. To conclude, teachers lack the appropriate pedagogical knowledge to teach HOT (Fisher, 1999; Zohar & Schwartzer, 2005; Zohar, 1999). Hence, this paper analyses further the need to investigate the issues that are related to the teaching and learning of HOTs which is of utmost pertinence in order to unravel these prevailing concerns.


Higher Order Thinking Skills; student teachers; TESL programme

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