The strategies used by post-graduate students to avoid plagiarism in thesis writing

Eka Putri Andayani, Siti Sarah Fitriani, Dohra Fitrisia


This study aims to find out the perception of post-graduate students on plagiarism, the influenced factors, and the strategies used by the students to avoid plagiarism in thesis writing. To collect the data, 10 post-graduate students of Graduate Study of English Education at University of Syiah Kuala (USK) were chosen randomly based on the predetermined criteria: the students in the academic year 2016 and 2017 who have written their thesis. The data were collected through interviews. The result of data analysis shows that the post-graduate students of English Education at USK have the same perception about the issue of plagiarism in thesis writing. The factors contributing to plagiarism are limited time, the deadline, technological development and ease of accessing online sources, students' laziness, lack of understanding to paraphrase, and poor understanding of plagiarism. Furthermore, two main strategies can be used to avoid plagiarism in thesis writing. The first is paraphrasing and quoting other peoples' ideas. The second is reading a lot of sources from many articles and journals to learn how the authors develop their idea in their writing and how to put citations and references appropriately.


academic writing; plagiarism; thesis

Full Text:



Agustina R, Raharjo P. (2017). Exploring Plagiarism into Perspectives of Indonesian Academics and Students. Journal of Education and Learning, 11(3), 262-272

Akbar, A & Picard, M. (2019). Understanding plagiarism in Indonesia from thelens of plagiarism policy: Lessons for university. International Journalfor Educational Integrity,15(7), 1-17.

Anney, V. N., & Mosha, M. A. (2015). Student's Plagiarisms in Higher Learning Institutions in the Era of Improved Internet Access: Case Study of Developing Countries. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(13), 203-216.

Appiah, M.K. (2016). The evil that men do in academics: Understanding plagiarism and its extenuating circumstance. British Journal of Education, 4(6), 57-67.

BBC Indonesia. (September 2017). Rektor UNJ dicopot sementara, gelar s3 doktor plagiat 'sepatutnya juga dibatalkan'. Retrieved from

Carroll, J. (2009). Plagiarism as a threat to learning: An educational response. In Assessment, learning and judgement in higher education (pp. 1-17). Springer, Dordrecht.

Clough, P. (2000). Plagiarism in natural and programming languages: an overview of current tools and technologies. Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield. Retrieved from:

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixedmethods approaches (4th ed.). California: Sage Publications.

Detiknews. (March 2012). Plagiat, Tiga Dosen UPI Gagal jadi Guru Besar. Retrieved from

Dias, P. C., & Bastos, A. S. C. (2014). Plagiarism phenomenon in European countries: Results from GENIUS project. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 2526-2531.

Eret, E., & Gokmenoglu, T. (2010). Plagiarism in higher education: A case study with prospective academicians. Procedia Social and Behavioural Sciences (2)3303-3307.

Evering, L. C., & Moorman, G. (2012). Rethinking plagiarism in the digital age. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 56(1), 35-44.Fhonna, R. (2014). An analysis of students' free writing. Englisia: Journal of Language, Education and Humanities, 1(2), 270-280.

Griffee, D. T. (2012). An introduction to second language research methods: Design and data. California, USA: TESL-EJ Publications.

Hayati, S, N. (2020). Students’ Strategy in Avoiding Palgiarism in Academic Writing Class. Thesis. Ar-Raniry State Islamic University, Banda Aceh.

Henderson, F., Whitelaw, P., & Jose, P. (2014). Working from the centre: Supporting unit and course coordinators to implement academic integrity policies, resources and scholarship. Final report.

Khairunnisak. (2018). An analysis of students perception on plagiarism incompleting thesis. (Bachelor's thesis). Ar-Raniry Islamic State University, Banda Aceh.

Kokkinaki, A.I., Demoliou, C., & Iakovidou, M. (2015). Students’ perceptions of plagiarism relevant policy in Cyprus. International Journal of Educational Integrity 11(3) 1-11.

Merdeka. com (February 2014). Kasus Plagiarisme, Anggito Abimayu Mundur dari UGM. Retrieved from

Miles, M, B., Huberman, A, M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis, A. Methods Sourcebook, 3rd Edition. USA: Sage Publicatio


Moore, E. (2014). Accuracy of referencing and patterns of plagiarism in electronically published theses. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 10(1).

Muluk, S., Habiburrahim, H., & Safrul, M. S. (2021). EFL Students’ perception on plagiarism in higher education: Triggering factors and avoiding strategies. Jurnal Ilmiah Didaktika: Media Ilmiah Pendidikan dan Pengajaran, 22(1), 20-36.

Novanta, .A. (2009). Pendeteksian plagiarism pada dokumen teks dengan menggunakan algoritma Smith-Waterman. (Bachelor's unpublished thesis). University of North Sumatra, Medan.

Orim, S. M. (2014). An investigation of plagiarism by Nigerian students in higher education (Doctoral dissertation, Coventry University).

Pennycook, A. (1996). 'Borrowing Others' Words: Text, ownership, memory, and plagiarism'. TESOL Quarterly 30(2), 201-230.

Rahmayani, S. O. (2018) Students' difficulties in paraphrasing English text. (Bachelor's thesis). Ar-Raniry State Islamic University, Banda Aceh

Ramadhan, Z. (2017). Plagiarism in Master of Education Studies at Selected East African Universities (Doctoral dissertation, Nelson Mandela University).

Razera, D. (2011). Awareness, Attitude and Perception of Plagiarism Among Students and Teachers at Stockholm University. Thesis. Stockholm University, Swedia.

Shahabuddin, S. (2009). Plagiarism in academia. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 21(3), 353-359.

Sibomana, E., Ndayambaje, I., & Uwambayinema, E. (2018). Plagiarism in higher education environment: Causes and solutions. Rwadan Journal of Education 4(2), 15-23

Silfiani, Aziz, Z. A., & Daud, B. (2018) Plagiarism in english academic writing:students' perceptions. English Education Journal (EEJ), 9(1), 102-123.

Snow, E. (2006). Teaching students about plagiarism: An internet solution to an internet problem. Innovate: Journal of Outline Education, 2(5), 1-5.

Sugiyono. (2007). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

E-ISSN: 2085-3750 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.