Teaching Speaking in English by Using the Picture Series Technique

Zainatuddar Zainatuddar

Abstract


This study is aimed at finding out if there are any significant differences in achievement between the students who are taught speaking by using the Picture Series Technique (PST) and those who are taught by using the Drill Technique (DT), and to find out which speaking sub-skills are better taught by using PST. This study was an experimental research project using quantitative and qualitative methods, which employed a true experimental design of two classes: one as the experimental group taught using PST, and the other was the control group taught using the typical DT. There were 30 students in each group of the second-year at SMKN 1 Lhokseumawe. The instruments were a questionnaire sheet and a speaking test sheet. The data from tests were analyzed by using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Meanwhile, the data from questionnaire was analyzed by using the percentage system. The findings indicate that PST used in teaching speaking affected the students’ speaking score. The experimental group students had higher speaking scores (x=80.10, S1=10.29) than the control group (x=67.67, S1=12.86). The students’ speaking ability in both groups was significantly different as indicated by the t-test (the t-obtained (4.136) > t-table (2.00)). This showed that the students who were taught speaking skills by using PST got better results in speaking than those who were taught speaking by using DT. Furthermore, the students were seen to be more active and creative in expressing their ideas, and more confident in speaking.


Keywords


Speaking; Picture Series Technique

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References


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