Improving students’ reading skills through Communicative Language Teaching

Agussalim Agussalim

Abstract


This study was conducted at MAN Beureunuen, in Pidie District, Aceh to improve the students’ reading skills through Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) which was implemented with the students from Class XII-IPA1 through a Classroom Action Research (CAR) study. The researcher employed four procedures of the CAR in each teaching–learning session. For the teaching-learning of reading, the study followed these four steps. The findings from the implementation of the CLT method for the teaching-learning of reading in Cycle 1 were not successful. The teacher’s performance in cycle 1 was 72%. There were three weaknesses in his teaching via: weak ability to explain the lesson, weak ability to answer the students’ questions and weak ability to use media. Meanwhile, the performance of the students was only 71%. They still had poor ability to understand the lesson, their participation in the group was still not good and their attention was also still low. Furthermore, the students’ mean score in the test after cycle 1 was 74%. Therefore, Cycle 2 was conducted to try to improve on these scores. As a result, the participation of the students went up to 87%; their average score for the test was 85%. The teacher’s performance also went up to 88%. Meanwhile the students’ responses toward the implementation of CLT in teaching and learning reading process were very positive. Results from the questionnaire showed that the total mean score for all five items was 3.38 (in the strongly agree criterion) or 84%. All of the problems stated above had been successfully overcome and the results from resolving the problems of the research study had met the criterion of success.


Keywords


Reading Skills; CLT; Group Work Techniques/Activities

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References


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