EFL students’ reading comprehension problems: Linguistic and non-linguistic complexities

Usman Kasim, Siti Raisha

Abstract


The goal of this study was to investigate how to overcome reading comprehension problems amongst students in an EFL classroom. Specifically, this study tries to identify both linguistic and non-linguistic reading comprehension problems. Further, the study focused on fifty of the fifth-semester students from the English department in the Teaching Faculty at Syiah Kuala University. Data collection was conducted by distributing the English Reading Comprehension Problems Questionnaire modified from Al Seyabi and Tuzlukova (2015). The data was analyzed by using quantitative analysis to get the mean scores and percentages. The results indicated that the students experienced the most reading problems in the areas of linguistics (69%). In addition, based on mean scores and percentages from the questionnaire, the results shown that the biggest reading comprehension problem was with semantics in which 81% of the participants considered unfamiliar vocabulary was their major problem in comprehending English texts. 


Keywords


Reading Comprehension; Reading Comprehension Problems; EFL Students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al Seyabi, F., & Tuzlukova, V. (2015). Investigating EFL Reading Problems and Strategies In Post-Basic Schools And University Foundation Programmes: A Study in the Omani Context. Malaysian Journal of ELT Research, 11(2), 35-51.

Alyousef, H. S. (2006). Teaching Reading Comprehension to ESL/EFL Learners. Journal of Language and Learning, 5(2), 63-73.

Bamford, J., & Day, R. R. (2004). Extensive Reading Activities for Teaching Language. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Birch, B. M. (2002). English L2 Reading: Getting to the Bottom. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc.

Chen, S. C., & Chen, K. T. (2015). The Use of EFL Reading Strategies among High School Students in Taiwan. The Reading Matrix, 15(2), 156-166.

Davoudi, M., & Yousefi, D. (2015). Comprehension Breakdown: A Review of Research on EFL Learners’ Reading Difficulty and Problems. International Journal of Language and Applied Linguistics, 1, 58-72.

Fitriani, S. S. (2015). Improving reading comprehension of Acehnese EFL students. (Unpublished Dissertation). Armidale, University of New England.

Fitriani, S. S. (2014). An Investigation into Reading Comprehension Strategies in Academic Texts in Aceh Province of Indonesia. The Third International Conference on Language Education 2013 (ICOLE 3), 95-126.

Fromkin, V., Rodman, R., & Hyams, N. (2003). An Introduction to Language (7thed.). Massachusetts: Heinle.

Goodman, K. (1979). The Know-more and the Know-Nothing Movements in Reading: A Personal Response. Language Arts, 55(6): 657-663.

Goodman, K. S. (1967). Reading: A Psycholinguistic Guessing Game. Journal of the Reading Specialist, 6, 126-135.

Grabe, W. (1991). Current Developments in Second Language Reading Research. TESOL Quarterly, 25(3), 375-406.

Grabe, W., & Stoller, F. L. (2002). Teaching and Researching Reading. Harlow: Pearson Education.

Hung, D. M., & Ngan, V. P. T. (2015). Investigating Reading Strategies Used by EFL Students at Dong Thap University. Asian Journal of Educational Research, 3(4), 10-20.

Lili, Z. (2014). A Discussion of Linguistic Factors Relating to English Reading for Chinese Mongolian Students. Studies in Literature and Language, 9(3), 136-142.

Miller, D. (2009). The Book Whisperer: Awakening the Inner Reader in Every Child. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass.

Nuttall, C. (2000). Teaching Reading Skills in a Foreign Language. Hong Kong: Macmillan Heinemann English Language Teaching.

Rahman, H. (2004). An Evaluation of the Teaching of Reading Skills of English in Bangladesh (Master Thesis). University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

Samad, I. A., Jannah, M., & Fitriani, S. S. (2017). EFL Students' Strategies Dealing With Common Difficulties In Toefl Reading Comprehension Section. International Journal of Language Education, 1(1), 29-36.

Samad, I. A., Raisha, S., & Fitriani, S. S. (2017). The Frequency Use of Cognitive and Metacognitive Strategies in Reading. Islam and Local Wisdom, 197-207.

Stauffer, R. (1969). Directed-reading Maturity as a Cognitive Process. New York: Harper & Row.

Sweet, A. P., & Snow, C. E. (2003). Rethinking Reading Comprehension. New York: Guilford Press.

Yukselir, C. (2014). An Investigation into the Reading Strategy Use of EFL Prep-Class Students. Social and Behavioral Sciences Journal, 158, 65–72.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




E-ISSN: 2085-3750 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.