Improving students’ grammar using dictogloss

Eva Muthia Dewi


This Classroom Action Research (CAR) study was intended to describe how the Dictogloss technique was implemented and how this technique can improve students’ grammar through collaborative writing. This paper also describes the students’ participation and their responses to the use of Dictogloss. This research was conducted in two cycles. Each cycle consisted of three meetings which were used for the planning of the action, implementing the action and observing and reflecting. The sample was the second grade high school students in class XI, IPA 4 at SMAN 1, Ingin Jaya, Aceh Besar. The data for this research consisted of the observation checklists, the tests, a questionnaire and field notes. The results from the research are based on the four objectives; first, the researcher was successful in implementing all the stages of the Dictogloss technique. Second, the students’ scores in the post-test were higher than in the pre-tests. On the first pre-test the students’ mean score was 11.2 which became 19.5 in the final post-test. So, there was a significant improvement in the students’ grammar competence after implementing the Dictogloss technique. Third, the students give good responses to learning grammar using the Dictogloss technique. All of them were engaged and participated actively in all stages of the Dictogloss technique. Moreover, the results from the questionnaire showed that 81% of the students were interested and had a positive attitude towards the use of the Dictogloss tehnique for learning grammar. The results showed the students were interested, motivated and enthusiastic in learning grammar using the Dictogloss technique.


Grammar; Narrative text; Dictogloss technique

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