PARENTING STYLE IN DEVELOPING PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN LANGUAGE SKILLS IN CENTRAL ACEH

Khoiriyah Khoiriyah, Ridzuan Jaafar

Abstract


The success of childhood language development is influenced by the family environment which includes the care applied by parents at home. Many of the factors behind the parents, especially a mother, are earning an additional income, one of which is to fulfill the life needs of family members for the sake of mutual survival. The style of parenting greatly influences the quality of children because parents are the first educators of their children. The purpose of this study was to determine the type of parenting style applied by parents in developing the language skills of preschool children in Central Aceh. The research method used is quantitative with the survey method. With the number of research samples as many as 270 parents who get using cluster random sampling analysis techniques. Reliability test in this study has a Cronbach alpha of 0.819. The results of the research show that the type of Authoritative parenting style is higher with Mean = 3.65; Standard Deviation = 0.47. Followed, the permissive parenting style which is in the second level after autotranslation has a value of Mean = 2.08; Standard Deviation = 0.42. Furthermore, at the third level is the authoritarian parenting style that is with Mean = 2.04; Standard Deviation = 0.50. The introductory parenting style shows the parenting style with the lowest value with the acquisition of an average value of Mean = 1.47; Standard Deviation = 0.36. The results of the T-test analysis show the p-value is 0.759 while the significant level that has been set is α = 0.05. It can be understood that the location of the residence of respondents both in the city and in the countryside there is no difference in parenting in developing the language skills of preschool children.

Keywords: Parenting Style, Preschool Children, Developing Language Skills


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ISBN 978-623-7086-17-8