KALILAH WA DIMNAH, THE MASTERPIECE OF ARAB LITERATURE AS A MEDIUM IN SHAPING A HARMONIOUS SOCIETY

Pabiyah Toklubok, Kamariah Kamarudin, Zaitul Azma Zainon Hamzah, Raihan Marzuki

Abstract


The Abbasid Caliphate, the longest surviving dynasty in the history of Islamic civilization reigned from 132H and collapsed in 656H (Ahmad Salabi, 1970). The unrest in the Abbasid Empire has prompted many scholars to produce their literary works in various genres both in poetry and prose. Among them is Abdullah bin al-Muqaffa’’ whose work include translating the Kalilah Wa Dimnah (KWD) from the Persian language into Arabic. He attempts to create awareness among leaders and the Abbasid community by making KWD as a medium to educate and spread good moral values. A few stories in the KWD have been analyzed by applying the concept of moral values presented by Imam al-Ghazali. Various aspects of moral values have been identified and classified based on four important elements, namely, al-Hikmah (wisdom), al-Syaja’ah (courage), Al-’Iffah (purity) and Al-’Adlu (justice). The study hopes to contribute in examining the values in KWD and guiding the readers specifically the leaders in executing their responsibilities towards the people in creating a harmonious society.


Keywords


Kalilah Wa Dimnah; medium; moral values; al-Ghazali

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Fakhuri, H. (1991). Al-mujiz fi al-adab al-arabi wa tarikhihi [Summary of Arabic literature and it’s history]. (Vol.2). Beirut: Dar al-Jil.

Al-Ghazali, A.H.M. (n.d.). Ihya Ulum al Din [Reviving religious sciences].(Vol. 3). Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiah.

Al-Muqaffa’’, A. I. (n.d.). Kitab Kalilah Wa Dimnah [Book of Kalilah wa Dimnah]. Beirut: Al-Maktabah Al-Thaqafiyyah.

Al-Qasimi, M. J. (2006). Mau’izah Al-Mukminin Min Ihya’ Ulum Al-Din: Intipati Ihya’ Ulumuddin: Pengajaran Bagi Orang-Orang Mukmin. [The essence of Ihya’ Ulumuddin: Lessons for Mu’min]. (Abu Hasan Din Al-Hafiz, Ed.) (1st ed.). Kuala Lumpur: Darul Fajr.

Al-Rafei, M. (1968). Hadarah al-Arab fi al-usur al-islamiyyah al-zahirah [Arab civilisation in the Islamic glorious era]. (2nd ed.) Beirut: Dar al-kitab al-lubnani.

Al-Subayel, W. I. (2007). Animal Fables between “ Panchatantra (Kalila wa Dimna)’ and “ Tales of Aesop “-A Literary Study. (Doctoral Dissertation). Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University.

Al-Thubaity, N. (2006). Tanawwu’ Al-Ada’i Al-Balaghi Fi Adabi Ibn Al-Muqaffa’’ [The variety of rhetoric performances in Ibn al-Muqaffa’’ literature]. (MA thesis).University of Ummu Al-Qura.

Bertens, K. (2002). Etika [Ethics]. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Denys Johnson-Davies. (2003). Talking to the animals. Al-Ahram, (643).

Hancock, Z. D. (2004). The Spanish Shahrazd And Her Entourage: The Powers Of Storytelling The Spanish Shahrazd And Her Entourage: The Powers Of Storytelling Women In Libro De Los Engaños De Las Mujeres.

Iwadh, A. (1982). Dirasah Tahliliyyah Li al-Qiami al-Saidah Fi Qisasi al-Athfal al-Maujudah Min Qibali Kitab Urubiyyin Fi al-Muddah Ma Baina 1950-1980.

Khalid, O. (1989). Kesusasteraan Arab di zaman Abbasiah, Andalus dan zaman Moden [Arabic literature in the Abbasid, Andalus and modern era]. Johor: Darul Nadwah Muadzam Shah.

Lunde, P. (1972). Kalila Wa Dimna. Jurnal Saudi Aramco World, 23(4), 18–21.

Marroum, M. (2011). Kalila wa Dimna- Inception, Appropriation, and Transmimesis. Comparative Literature Studies, 48(4), 512–540.

Nurhasma, M. S. (2012). Fungsi Cerita Binatang Dalam Sastera Kanak-Kanak Melayu-Arab [The Function of Animal Stories In Arabic-Malay Children’s Literature]. Proceeding Of Language And Culture. 6 May 2009, Putrajaya, Malaysia.

Radzi, M. (2008). Kalilah Wa Dimnah Dari Sudut Pandangan Teori Persuratan Baharu [ Kalilah wa Dimnah from the perspective of Persuratan Baharu Theory]

Roziah, S., & Mat, S. (2012). Relevansi Faktor Kegemilangan Sains Islam Dengan Dunia Islam Masa Kini [Relevance Factor of Islamic Sciences’ Excellence towards Muslim]. Jurnal Al-Tamaddun, 7(1), 1-13.

Syalabi, A. (1970). Al-Tarikh al-Islami Wa al-Hadharah al-Islamiyyah. (Islamic History and Islamic Civilisation) (Vol.3). Qaherah: Maktabah al-Nahdhah al-Misriyyah Qaherah.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/.v1i1.14443

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.