LITERARY TRADITION OF THE SEA IN MALAY SOCIETY ON THE EAST COAST OF NORTH SUMATERA AS BEHAVIOR GUIDANCE IN PREVENTING DISASTER

Wan Syaifuddin

Abstract


Numerous social researches have stated that Malay society as an aquatic society because the place orientation of Malay society is referred to water area (river and sea). This article deals with norms and values in the literary tradition of the sea in Malay society East coast of North Sumatera. This area is troubled by disasters such as flood, tornado, tsunami (pasang Padani) and great post. One of the causes of these disasters is human error, that is, a lack of awareness in maintaining their relationship with environment proportionally. The literary tradition is used as attitude guidance for not damage the environment and habitat. This values and norms is a must tied within mind and behavior of people who live in the east coast of North Sumatera. The discussion uses qualitative-naturalistic with the anthropo-literature approach. It shows that values and norms in literary tradition have a great relationship with their cultural behavior and their beliefs toward Islam.


Keywords


Literary tradition of the sea; Malay; disasters

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References


Basyarsyah II, T. L. S., & Syaifuddin, W. (2002). Kebudayaan Melayu Sumatera Timur. Medan, Indonesia: Universitas Sumatera Utara Press.

Keesing, R. M. (1992). Antropologi budaya: Suatu perspektif kontemporer. Translated by Samuel Gunawan. Jakarta, Indonesia: Penerbit Erlangga.

Ratna, N. K. (2004). Teori, metode, dan teknik penelitian Sastra: Strukturalisme hingga poststrukturalisme. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Pustaka Pelajar.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/.v1i1.14508

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