RITUAL DISCOURSE: LOCAL WISDOM IN THE TRADITIONAL LITERATURE OF USING ETHNIC GROUP IN INDONESIA

Heru S. P. Saputra, Titik Maslikatin, Edy Hariyadi

Abstract


This study aims to understand and interpret the meaning of local wisdom in traditional literature, especially in the context of ritual discourse of Barong Ider Bumi (Kemiren), Seblang (Olehsari and Bakungan), and Keboan/Kebo-keboan (Aliyan and Alasmalang). Traditional literature is a product as well as cultural reflection from various ethnic groups in Indonesia, including Using, Banyuwangi, East Java. The research method used ethnographic approach, especially the emic perspective, and Geertz’s cultural interpretation analysis. The results showed that ritual discourse includes the whole speech within a unity, which involves either ritual texts in the form of ujub, sacred texts in the form of mantras, or narrative texts in the form of discourses spoken by traditional leaders or local officials in ritual processions. Local wisdom in traditional literature shows a variety of positive values some of which serve in daily life as cosmic unity (between profane and sacred domains), harmony of natural ecosystem, and collective safety. These local wisdoms become worldview values for Using people. The sociocultural implications of local wisdom can be used by the local community as a social harmony media that support the local religious system and strengthen the social structure, so that it can be interpreted that ritual discourse becomes an integral part of traditional social institution.

Keywords


Local wisdom; ritual; social institution; traditional literature; Using ethnic group

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anoegrajekti, N. (2003). Seblang Using: Studi tentang Ritus dan Identitas Komunitas Using [Seblang Using: Studies on Rites and Identity of Using Community]. Bahasa dan Seni, 31(2), 253-269.

Geertz, C. (1989). Abangan, Santri, Priyayi dalam Masyarakat Jawa [Abangan, Santri, Priyayi in Javanese Community]. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya.

Geertz, C. (1992). Tafsir Kebudayaan [The Interpretation of Cultural]. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Porath, N. (2012). Ketika Burung itu Terbang: Therapi Shamanis dan Pemeliharaan Batas-batas Duniawiah di Kalangan Orang Sakai, Riau [When the Bird is Flying: Therapeutic Shamanism and Maintenance of Worldly Boundaries among Sakai People, Riau]. Riau: Gurindam Press, Asosiasi Tradisi Lisan (ATL) Riau, & BSP.

Prastika, Ny. (2017). “Yoga Sastra: Laku Mistik Balian Usada Bali [Yoga Sastra: Balian Usada Mystical Behavior in Bali],” Dharmasmrti, 17(2), 11-19.

Saputra, H.S.P. (2001). Tradisi Mantra Kelompok Etnik Using di Banyuwangi [Mantra Traditions of Using Ethnic Groups in Banyuwangi]. Humaniora, 13(3), 260-267.

Saputra, H.S.P. (2007). Memuja Mantra: Sabuk Mangir dan Jaran Goyang Masyarakat Suku Using Banyuwangi [Mantra Worshiping: Mangir and Jaran Goyang Belts of Using Community Banyuwangi]. Yogyakarta: LkIS.

Saputra, H.S.P. (2013). “Menghayati Ritual, Mengangan Struktur Sosial: Fenomena Seblang, Kebo-keboan, dan Barong dalam Masyarakat Using, Banyuwangi [Living the Ritual, Constructing the Social Structure: Phenomena of Seblang, Kebo-Keboan, and Barong in Using Community, Banyuwangi],” Paper, Kongres Internasional Folklor Asia, Keraton Yogyakarta, 7-9 June 2013.

Saputra, H.S.P. (2014). Wasiat Leluhur: Respons Orang Using terhadap Sakralitas dan Fungsi Sosial Ritual Seblang [Ancestor’s Testament: The Response of Using People to the Seblang Ritual Sacrality and Social Function]. Makara: Hubs-Asia, 18(1), 53-65.

Saputra, H.S.P., Hariyadi, E., & Maslikatin, T. (2018). “Merajut Sastra Menyemai Harmoni: Menghayati Teks Sakral dalam Konteks Kultural [Knitting Literature, Sowing Harmony: Living the Sacred Text in a Cultural Context],” Paper, Konferensi Internasional Kesusastraan XXVII, Bangka Belitung, 20—22 September 2018.

Saputra, H.S.P., Maslikatin, T., & Hariyadi, E. (2017a). “Guyub: dari Ritual ke Harmoni Sosial,” dalam Penguatan Budaya Lokal sebagai Peneguh Multikulturalisme Melalui Toleransi Budaya: Tradisi, Ritual, Kearifan Lokal, dan Harmonisasi Sosial (Prosiding Konferensi Internasional) [“Guyub: From Ritual to Social Harmony,” in Strengthening Local Culture as Enforcement of Multiculturalism through Cultural Tolerance: Tradition, Rituals, Local Wisdom, and Social Harmonization (Proceedings of the International Conference)]. Makassar: FIB UNHAS, 79-87.

Saputra, H.S.P., Maslikatin, T., & Hariyadi, E. (2017b). “Ritual Using: Kearifan, Kelisanan, dan Fungsi Sosial [Using Ritual: Wisdom, Orality, and Social Functions).” Paper, Seminar Nasional Kesusastraan, ATL JATIM & FIP UTM, Bangkalan-Madura, 14 Oktober 2017.

Soedjijono, Hanafi, I., & Wiryawan, K.A. (1987). Struktur dan Isi Mantra Bahasa Jawa di Jawa Timur [Structure and Contents of Javanese Language Mantra in East Java]. Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa.

Spradley, J.P. (1997). Metode Etnografi [Ethnographic Method]. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana Yogya.

Sulistyani. (2010). “Ritual Ider Bumi di Desa Kemiren, Kecamatan Glagah, Kabupaten Banyuwangi [“Ider Bumi Ritual in Kemiren Village, Glagah District, Banyuwangi Regency],” Mudra, 22(1), 28-38.

Wessing, R. (1999). “A Dance of Life: the Seblang of Banyuwangi, Indonesia,” Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, 155(4), 644-682.

Wessing, R. (2016). Hosting the Wild Buffaloes: the Keboan Ritual of the Using of East Java, Indonesia. In Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre, Working Paper, 22.

Yektiningtyas-Modouw, W. (2008). Helaehili dan Ehabla: Fungsinya dan Peran Perempuan dalam Masyarakat Sentani Papua [Helaehili and Ehabla: Its Function and the Role of Women in the Sentani Community of Papua). Yogyakarta: Adicita Karya Nusa.

Yoonhee Kang. (2012). Untaian Kata Leluhur: Marjinalitas, Emosi, dan Kuasa Kata-kata Magi di Kalangan Orang Petalangan Riau [Strings of Ancestor Words: Marginality, Emotion, and Power of Magi Words among People of Petalangan Riau]. Riau: Gurindam Press & Asosiasi Tradisi Lisan (ATL) Riau.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/.v1i1.14827

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.