STUDY ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT OF SAGULING AND JATILUHUR DAM; AN INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF CITARUM WATERSHED

Agus Salim, Iwan Aminudin, Awang Silvan Erusani, Mahbubul Wathoni

Abstract



Abstract. Watershed (Daerah Aliran Sungai/DAS) is an integrated aquatic ecosystem with its terrestrial sub-ecosystem from upstream to downstream. With such an integrated nature, the management of both the ecosystem and it’s sub-ecosystem calls for integrated management. Over the past 30 years Citarum river basin management has provided many benefits to the sustainable development and the ecosystem around it. However, there remain some problems such as: pollution, decreased water level, damage of coastal areas, the lack of availability of clean water, flood, degradated quantity and quality of water in the reservoir of forest along the Citarum that has greatly affected the management of water resources and Ecosystem watershed Reservoir along the Cisadane. Therefore, ICWRMIP programs that have been implemented since 2008 with eight superior programs raise a question. Based on a multi-disciplinary research conducted by te Faculty of Science and Techonogy of Jakarta State Islamic University, this paper seeks to investigate the effectiveness of its management. The results of the analysis of noise, air quality, and water quality analysis of physical chemistry and microbiology of the two reservoirs in Citarum (Saguling and Jatiluhur) in October 2013 showed the overall parameters are still within the environmental quality standards, meaning that the water reservoir is still safe for consumption or for cultivation. However, the measurement of the degree of the program success associated with the user groups showed a value of 53.25 HPI. It indicates the level is under standard. This means that some groups of people are not satisfied with the implementations of ICWRMIP programs. It recommends that the programs needs further evaluation to be better implemented. This research might raises awareness on a better management of environment in the community.

Keywords: Management of rreservoirs, effectiveness.


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