Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Nematoda in Cattle In Pintu Rime Gayo Highland of Bener Meriah Regency

Zulfikar Zulfikar, Hambal Hambal, Razali Razali

Abstract


This study was carried out to assess the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode in cattle in the Pintu Rime Gayo, a highland sub district of Bener Meriah Regency, Aceh according to age and sex. Stool samples were collected from 150 cattle aged 0-6, 7-12 and >12 months old. Examination was performed by using a centrifuge. Samples tested positive when found gastrointestinal nematode parasite eggs. The data obtained were analyzed with Chi-Square. The results showed that the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode in cattle aged 0-7 months (32%) was significantly higher (p<0.05) than that in cattle aged 7-12 months (22%) and >12 months (12%). The parasite was markedly more prevalent (p<0.05) in female cattle (23.9%) than that in male cattle (15.2%). In conclusion, susceptibility of cattle in the Pintu Rime Gayo highland to gastrointestinal nematode infection was influenced by both age and sex.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonymous. 2011. Strongyloides papillosus Infection. Parasitology laboratory. http://catatanakhirkoasparasit.blogspot.com/2011/05/infeksi-strongyloides-papillosus.html2011.

Anonymous. 2010. Profile of Pintu Rime Gayo Sub-District, Bener Meriah Regency. The Government of Bener Meriah.

Arundel and Rickard, D.M. 1990. Laboratory Manual for Veterinary Parasitology. School of Veterinary Science. The University of Melbourne, Australia .

Barger, I. 1999. The role of epidemiological knowledge and grazing management for helminthes control in small ruminants. Int. J. Parasitol. 29: 41-47.

Bhattachryya, D.K. and Ahmed, K. 2005. Prevalence of helmintic infection in cattle and buffaloes. Indian Vet. J. 82: 900-901.

Brotowidjoyo, M.D. 1987. Parasite and Parasitism. 1st Ed. Media Sarana Press, Jakarta.

Darmianto, Suharsono, Beriajaya and Agus. W. 2003. Veterinary Technology to Support Integrated system for Cattle and Palm plantation. Presented at the Workshop on Palm-Cattle integrated system, at the Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor September 2003.

Djannatun, T. (1987). Nematoda in Cattle in regions under surveillance of Farm Cooperation of Southern Bandung, Pengalengan. S1 Script. Veterinary Faculty of Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.

Eberhardt, A.G., Mayer, W.E. and Streit A. 2007. The free-living generation of the nematode Strongyloides papillosus undergoes sexual reproduction. Int. J. Parasitol. 37: 989-1000.

Kadarsih and Siwitri. 2004. Performance Bali cattle according to regional topography in transmigration areas of Bengkulu. Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Indonesia. 6(1).

Koesdarto and Setiawan. 2007. Parasitic diseases in Breeding of Madura Cattle. Info Vet, Jakarta Selatan.

Levine, N.D. 1990. Veterinary Parasitology. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Mustika, Ika dan Riza, A.Z. 2004. Opportunity to use Nematophageal fungus to control nematode parasite in plant and animals. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian, 23(4): 115.

Oluwafemi, T.U. and Anosa, V.O. 2000. Haematological studies on domestic animals in Nigeria, Clinicohaematol-ogical features of bovine trypanoso-miasis, theileriosis, anaplasmosis, eperythrozoonosis and helminthiasis. Ziblatt Vet. Med. 27: 789-797.

Pam, V.A., Ogbu, K.I., Igeh, C.P., Bot, C.J. and Vincent, G. 2013. The occurrence of gastrointestinal and haemo parasites of cattle in Jos of Plateau State, Nigeria. J. Anim. Sci. Adv. 3(2): 97-102.

Sarah, N., Achmad, F., and Taruni, S.P. 2011. Worm infection in thin tailed sheep at the traditional sheep slaughterhouse of Bogor. Presented at Seminar on April 14th, 2011. Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.

Setiawan, A. 2008. The Effectiveness of the administration of Temulawak (Curcuma xanthoriza, Roxb) and Temuireng (Curcuma aeruginosa, Roxb) extracts as helminthiasis control against Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Sweating Rate and body weight gain in the post milking Brahman Cross calf. Script. Brawijaya University, Malang.

Soulsby, E.J.L 1986. Helminthes, Arthropod and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. 7th Ed. The English Language Book Society and Bailliere Tindall, London.

Suweta, I.G.P. 1982. Economic loss due to liver worm in Bali cattle as implication of interaction in the living environment at the agricultural ecosystem in Bali. Dissertation. Padjadjaran University, Bandung.

Tizard, I. 1982. Introduction to Veterinary Immunology. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia.

Urquhart, G.M., Armour, J., Duncan, J.L., Dunn, A.M. and Jennings, F.W. 1987. Veterinary Parasitology. Churchill Livingstone Inc., New York.

Wibowo, T.S. 2003. Protecting and Maintaining the competence of products through certification. Presented in the National Discussion on Certification System in the Bogor Agriculture University on July 15th, 2003.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21157/ijtvbr.v1i1.8638

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Copyright© 2016 | ISSN: 2503-4715 

Published by:
The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Syiah Kuala University
In cooperation with:
Center for Tropical Veterinary Studies of Syiah Kuala University
and Indonesian Veterinary Medical Association (PDHI)


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations

 


Creative Commons License
IJTVBR
is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.