PELAKSANAAN PATIENT CENTERED CARE DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM KOTA BANDA ACEH

Anggie Havistia Rachma, Hajjul Kamil

Abstract


Patient Centered Care (PCC) merupakan suatu pendekatan dalam perencanaan, pemberian dan evaluasi pelayanan kesehatan berbasis pada kemitraan yang saling memberikan manfaat antara penyedia pelayanan, pasien, dan keluarga. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui pelaksanaan PCC di Rumah Sakit Umum Kota Banda Aceh. Jenis penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain cross sectional study. Populasi penelitian pasien yang dirawat di ruang rawat inap berjumlah 368 orang, penentuan besar sampel menggunakan rumus Lameshow dengan jumlah sampel 114 responden. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan metode simple random sampling. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner yang diadopsi dari Picker Adult in-Patient Questionnaire, dan data dianalisa menggunakan statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian pelaksanaan PCC di Rumah Sakit umum Kota Banda Aceh 88,6% telah terlaksana, sedangkan dimensi menghormati nilai,  preferensi dan kebutuhan pasien 75,4% terlaksana, koordinasi dan perawatan 78,9% terlaksana, informasi,komunikasi dan pendidikan 85,1% terlaksana, kenyaman fisik 87,7% terlaksana, dukungan emosionalmenghilangkan rasa takut dan kecemasan 88,6% terlaksana, keterlibatan keluarga dan teman 83,3% terlaksana dan kontinuitas dan transisi 67,5% tidak terlaksana. PCC di Rumah Sakit Umum Kota Banda Aceh sebahagian besar telah terlaksana pada semua dimensi, namun masih perlu peningkatan kemampuan koordinasi dan komunikasi antar PPA dalam persiapan discharge planning pada dimensi kontinuitas dan transisi pelayanan guna meningkatkan keberlangsungan pelaksanaan asuhan kesehatan, pemberian obat dan tindaklanjut di rumah maupun pada institusi pelayanan kesehatan rujukan serta peran serta keluarga.

Kata kunci: Pelaksanaan, Patient Centered Care, Rumah Sakit.

 

ABSTRACT

Patient Centered Care (PCC) is an approach in the planning, delivery and evaluation of health services based on partnerships that provide mutual benefits between healthcare service providers, patients and families. The purpose of this study was to determine the implementation of PCC in Banda Aceh Hospital. The Correlational study was conducted with a quantitative method and a cross-sectional study design. The population were 368 patients treated in the inpatient ward, sample size using Lameshow and a number of 114 respondents were chosen as a the sample by using a simple random sampling technique. The data collected through questionnaire that adopted from the Adult in Patient Questionnaire, and then analyzed computerized using descriptive statistics. The results of the study showed that the  implementation of PCC in Banda Aceh Hospital have been implemented (88.6%), which consist of the dimensions of respecting the values, preferences and needs of patients (75.4%), coordination and care (78.9%), information, communication and education (85,1%), physical comfort (87.7%), emotional support-eliminating fear and anxiety (88.6%), involvement of family and friends (83.3%) have been implemented, beside continuity and transition (67.5%) did not implemented. PCC in  Banda Aceh Hospital has largely been implemented in all dimensions, but there is still a need improvement, coordination and communication skills between healthcare providers in the preparation of discharge planning in the dimensions of continuity and service transition to improve the continuity of health care, drug delivery and follow-up at home and at referral health care institutions and family participation.

Keywords: Patient Centered Care.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.52199/inj.v10i1.15757

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INJ

IDEA NURSING JURNAL

ISSN (Print) : 2087-2879

ISSN (Online) : 2580-2445

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