Preferensi Makan Gajah Sumatera (Elephas maximus sumatranus) di Kawasan Hutan Cagar Alam Jantho

Abdullah Abdullah, Dahlian Dahlian, Mukhlisin Mukhlisin

Abstract


The research about food preference of Sumatran elephant have conducted in Jantho Natural Reserve Aceh Besar District inAcehProvincein April to June 2006. The aim of this research was to identified elephant food species vegetation in elephant habitat. This research used direct observation method in 20 transect. We found 22 species eaten Sumatran elephant in Jantho Natural Reserve Aceh Besar District. The food preference consist of Moraceae, 11 species (18,74%), Poaceae, 15 species (15,64%), Arecaceae, 9 species (14,52%), Euphorbiaceae, 6 spesies (9,95%), Mimosaceae, 5 spesies (6,25%), Caesalpiniaceae, 2 spesies (3,30%), Cyperaceae,4 spesies, (3,27%), Bombacaceae, 2 species (3.23 %), Gleicheniaceae, 4 species (3.22%), Zingiberaceae 4 species (2.77%),Fabaceae, 2 species (2.58%), Musaceae, 1 species (2,10%), Apocynaceae, 2 species (1.94 %), Ebonaceae, 1 species (1,70%), Sapindaceae, 1 species (1.41%).


Keywords


Preferensi makan, gajah Sumatera





Presented by :

Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi


Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Jl. T. Hasan Krueng Kalee, Darussalam, Aceh 23111

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