Pengaruh Senam Diabetes Dan Jalan Kaki Terhadap Penurunan Kadar Gula Darah Pada Pasien Dm Tipe II Di Puskesmas Krueng Barona Jaya Aceh Besar

Rehmaita Rehmaita, mudatsir Mudatsir, Teuku Tahlil

Abstract


Abstrak

Diabetes Mellitus merupakan salah satu penyakit kronik dengan prevalensi penderita yang terus meningkat. Salah satu terapi yang dapat diberikan adalah olahraga fisik seperti senam diabetes dan jalan kaki untuk menurunkan kadar gula darah melalui peningkatan pemakaian glukosa oleh otot saat latihan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui efektivitas senam dan jalan kaki dalam menurunkan kadar gula darah pada pasien diabetes mellitus tipe II.  Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian quasi experiment dengan pre- dan post-test with two group design. Populasi penelitian adalah 50 penderita diabetes mellitus tipe 2 dengan sampel sebanyak 44 orang. Pengumpulan data menggunakan glokometer (Auto Check Blood Glocose Monitor). Analisa mengunakan uji paired t-test dan Independent T-test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap penurungan kadar gula darah (KGD) pada pasien diabetes mellitus type II akibat kegiatan senam diabetes (p-value = 0.002) dan jalan kaki (p-value = 0.001). Kegiatan olahraga yang baik, benar, teratur dan terukur dapat dipertimbangkan untuk menstabilkan kadar gula darah (KGD) pasien diabetes mellitus type II.

Kata Kunci : Senam, Jalan Kaki, kadar gula darah

 

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease with increasing prevalence. One of therapies that can be given to those diagnosed with this disease is physical exercise, such as doing gymnasics and walking. Those kinds of physical exercises are able to lower blood sugar levels by increasing the amount of glucose consumed by muscles during the exercise.  The objective of this research was to identify the effects  of doing gymnastics and walking in decreasing blood sugar levels among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This research was a quantitative research using quasi-experimental method with two-group pre- and post-test design. A total 44 of 50 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were involved in the study. Data were collected using a glucose meter (Auto Check Blood Glucose Monitor) and then analyzed by paired t-test and independent t-test. Results indicate that blood sugar level was significantly correlated with doing gymnasics (p-value = 0.02) and walking (p-value = 0.01). Doing gymnastics and walking could provide positive effects in the reduction of blood sugar levels of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: Gymnastics, Walking, Blood Sugar Level


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JIK
Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan
 
ISSN (Print): 2338 – 6371
ISSN (Online): 2550 – 018X
 
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