PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR BERMUATAN KONTEKS KELAUTAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN LITERASI SAINS SISWA

Indarini Dwi Pursitasari, Eka Suhardi, Didit Ardianto, Ayi Arif

Abstract


Literasi sains siswa Indonesia masih rendah dan buku yang selama ini digunakan belum melatih siswa untuk memahami hakekat sains. Oleh karena itu, literasi sains siswa perlu ditingkatkan melalui bahan ajar yang menyajikan fenomena alam dan permasalahan yang terjadi di sekitar siswa. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengembangkan bahan ajar bermuatan konteks kelautan untuk meningkatkan literasi sains siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan pengembangan dengan metode four step material teaching development. Efektivitas bahan ajar bermuatan konteks kelautan terhadap peningkatan literasi sains siswa dilakukan melalui pretest dan posttest literasi sains kepada 30 siswa kelas VII SMP Agribinta Kabupaten Cianjur. Pengumpulan data menggunakan: 1) lembar validasi ahli untuk menentukan kelayakan bahan ajar; 2) tes keterpahaman untuk menentukan pemahaman siswa terhadap bahan ajar; 3) tes literasi sains untuk menentukan literasi sains siswa, dan 4) angket untuk menjaring sikap siswa terhadap bahan ajar. Data yang diperoleh selanjutnya dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif. Data pretest dan posttest dihitung N-gain kemudian dikategorisasikan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: 1) hasil validasi ahli diperoleh nilai rata-rata 3,85, 2) bahan ajar bermuatan konteks kelautan dapat meningkatkan literasi sains siswa dengan rata-rata hasil pretest sebesar 32,00; posttest sebesar 60,70; N-gain sebesar 42,11% (kategori sedang), serta 3) sikap sains siswa termasuk kategori tinggi.

Keywords


bahan ajar; konteks kelautan; literasi sain

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jipi.v3i2.14847

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