Implementasi Model Physics Independent Learning Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Fisika Peserta Didik

Tiara Mustika Wardani*, Evendi Evendi, Mudatsir Mudatsir, Susanna Susanna


Physics is a science that discusses every result of studying the answers to the question of causes, as well as natural phenomena that can occur. The most complex problem experienced by students is the lack of skills in solving physics problems for students. The low problem solving ability of students resulted in the ability to master the basic concepts of students. This study aimed to observe the escalation of problem solving skills after the implementation of the PIL learning model in physics at MAN 6 Aceh Besar. This research is included in the type of quasi-experimental research by designing a nonequivalent control group using 2 class samples as the experimental class and the control class. The population of this study was 64 students with 43 students participating in the study. Purposive sampling method was used in order to select the study sample. The collected data was analyzed using an independent-t test technique. This study observed that PIL learning models gave a positive impact to student autonomous learning and problem solving skills. The escalation of both variables was observed from the N-Gain score. On the problem solving skills, the control group reached 0.50 N-Gain score and the eksperimen group reached 0.79.


PIL Model Implementation, Problem Solving Skill, Learners

Full Text:



Alshamali, M.A. dan Daher, W.M. 2015. Scientific Reasoning and Its Relationship with Problem Solving: the Case of Upper Primary Science Teachers. International Journal of Science and Math Education, 14:1003-1019.

Amalia, P.R., Sukestiyarno, Y.L., dan Cahyono, N.A. 2021. Problem-solving skill based on learning independence through assistance in independent learning with entrepreneurial-nuanced modules. Unnes Journal of Mathematics Education Research, 11(1):102-108.

Anaperta, M. 2015. Praktikalitas handout fisika sma berbasis pendekatan science environment technology and social pada materi listrik dinamis. Jurnal Riset Fisika Edukasi dan Sains (JRFES), 1(2):99-106.

Batlolona, J.R., Baskar, Kurnaz, M.A., dan Leasa, M. 2018. The improvement of problem-solving skills and physics concept mastery on temperature and heat topic. Jurnal Guruan IPA Indonesia, 7(3):273-279.

Buteler, L. dan Coleoni, E. 2016. Solving problems to learn concepts, how does it happen? a case for buoyancy. Physical Review Physics Education Research, 12(2):1-12.

Depdiknas. 2006. Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Guruan. Jakarta: Depdiknas.

Doctor, J. dan Heller, K. 2009. Robust assessment instrument for student problem solving. Proceedings of the NARST.

Ekawati, N.E. 2017. Peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah fisika dengan model pembelajaran problem based learning. Jurnal Komunikasi Guruan, 1(1):45-50.

Glazewski, K.D. 2020. Fostering complex problem solving for diverse learners: engaging an ethos of intentionally toward equitable access. Educational Technology Research and Development, 68:679-702.

Gunawan, G., Harjono, A., Sahidu, H., dan Herayanti, L. 2017. Virtual laboratory to improve students’ problem-solving skills on electricity concept. Jurnal Guruan IPA Indonesia, 6(2):257-264.

Gunawan, Suranti, N.M.Y., Nisrina, N., dan Herayanti, L. 2018. Students’ problem-solving skill in physics teaching with virtual labs. International Journal of Pedagogy and Teacher Education (IJPTE), 2:79-90.

Herlianti, P.S., Linuwih, S., dan Dwijananti, P. 2015. Independent learning strategy of natural science with “one day one diary for science” program. Jurnal Guruan Fisika Indonesia, 11(2):148-155.

Hoellwarth, C., Moelter, M.J., dan Knight, R.D. 2005. A direct comparison of conceptual learning and problem solving ability in traditional and studio style classrooms. American Journal of Physics, 73(5):459-462.

Istiyono, E., Mustakim, S.S., Widihastuti, Suranto, dan Mukti. 2019. Measurement of physics problem-solving skills in female and male students by phystepross. Jurnal Guruan IPA Indonesia, 8(2):170-176.

Kizilaslan, A. 2019. The development of science process skills in visually impaired students: analysis of the activities. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 8(1):90-96.

Kuo, F.R., Hwang, G.J., dan Lee, C.C. 2012. A hybrid approach to promoting students’ web-based problem-solving competence and learning attitude. Computers and Education Journal, 58:351-364.

Laila, S.H.T. dan Harefa, D. 2021. Hubungan kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis dengan kemampuan komunikasi matematik peserta didik. AKSARA: Jurnal Ilmu Guruan Nonformal, 7(2):463-467.

Meltzer, D.E. 2002. The relationship between mathematics preparation and conceptuallearning gains in physics: a possible ‘‘hidden variable’’ in diagnostic pretest scores. American Journal Physics, 70(12):1259-1268.

Pandiangan, P., Sanjaya, I.G.M., dan Jatmiko, B. 2017. The validity and effectiveness of physics independent learning model to improve physics problem solving and selfdirected learning skills of students in open and distance education systems. Journal Of Baltic Science Education, 16(5):651-665.

Rizqa, A., Harjono, A., dan Wahyudi. 2020. Kemampuan pemecahan masalah fisika peserta didik melalui model pembelajaran inkuiri terbimbing berbantuan post-organizer. Jurnal Orbita, 6(1):243-247.

Saka, A.Z. & Kumas, A. 2009. Implementation of problem based learning in cooperative learning groups: an example of movement of vertical shooting. Procedia Social and Behavioral Science: 1327-1336.

Setyarini, D.A., Supardi, Z.A.I., dan Sudibyo, E. 2021. Improving senior high school students’ physics problem-solving skills through investigated based multiple representation (IBMR) learning model. International Journal of Recent Educational Research (IJORER), 2(1):42-53.

Sujarwanto, E., Hidayat, A., dan Wartono. 2014. Kemampuan pemecahan masalah fisika pada modeling instruction pada peserta didik SMA kelas XI. Jurnal Guruan IPA Indonesia, 3(1):65-78.

Wartono, Batlolona, J,R., dan Mahfi, R,M. 2019. Peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah fisika dengan model pembelajaran inquiry-discovery. Jurnal Edusains, 11(2):242-248.

Wüstenberg, S., Greiff, S., dan Funke, J. 2012. Complex problem solving-more than reasoning?. Journal of Intelligence, 40:1-14.

Yusof, K.M., Helmi, S.A., Jamaludin, M.Z., dan Harun, N.F. 2011. Coorperative problem based learning (CPBL) a practical PBL model for a typical course. Special Focus Paper, 6(3):12-20.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal IPA & Pembelajaran IPA

Jurnal IPA dan Pembelajaran IPA

ISSN 2614-0500  (print) | 2620-553X (online)
Organized by Universitas Syiah Kuala 
Published by Program Studi Magister Pendidikan IPA Program Pascasarjana Universitas Syiah Kuala
Website :
Email     :

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.