PENGARUH PEMBERIAN AKAR PASAK BUMI (Eurycoma longifolia Jack.) TERHADAP KERUSAKAN ORGAN HATI MENCIT BUNTING (The Effect of Eurycoma longifolia Jack. Roots on Liver Damage of Pregnant Mice)

Ruqiah Ganda Putri Panjaitan, Masriani M, Zulfan Z

Abstract


This study aims to find out the eeffect of Eurycoma longifolia Jack. roots on the liver damage of pregnant mice. This research used Balb/c
strain mice, 2-3 month, with the weight ranging of 27-33 gram. Samples were divided into three treatment groups consisted of three mice. Group
I (KI) was negative control (placebo), only treated with 0.06 ml/20 g bw of distilled water, group II (KII) was administered with roots of
Eurycoma longifolia Jack extract at dose of 14 mg/20 g bw, and group III (KIII, positive control) was administered with Schizandrae at the dose
0.06 mg/20 g bw. Treatment were done for 7 consecutive days in pregnancy period. On day 8
th
, blood samples were collected to examine the level
of alanine transaminase (AST) and aspartate transaminase (ALT) enzymes in serum and liver organ were collected to observe the
histopathological changes. The average of ALT and AST enzymes level on K1, K2, and K3 were 18.34+0.28, 19.68+0.15, and 19.20+0.08 U/l; and
21.79+0.26, 23.42+0.41, and 22.23+0.52 U/l. The histopathological examination results showed that the administration of E. longifolia Jack
roots extract and Schizandrae reveal the karyomegali and fatty change of hepatocytes. It is concluded that the administration of E. longifolia
Jack roots extract at the dose of 14 mg/20 g bw could decrease the liver function of pregnant mice.

Key words: Eurycoma longfolia Jack. root, pregnancy period, liver histopathological studies

 


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v10i1.3366

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