FRAMEWORK KETAHANAN PUSKESMAS DALAM MENGHADAPI BENCANA

Rina Suryani Oktari, Hendra Kurniawan

Abstract


Abstrak. Mengingat pentingnya peran puskesmas dalam mengurangi jatuhnya korban jiwa pada saat terjadinya bencana, maka penting untuk mengkampanyekan konsep ketahanan puskesmas. Penulisan artikel yang didasarkan pada tinjauan literatur ini bertujuan untuk memberikan informasi latar belakang tentang kerangka umum ketahanan puskesmas dalam menghadapi bencana, mengembangkan framework serta mengidentifikasi parameter, variabel dan indikator untuk mengukur tingkat ketahanan tersebut. Framework yang berisi komponen-komponen untuk mengukur ketahanan puskesmas telah disusun, dengan mengintegrasikan langkah-langkah potensial untuk pengembangan selanjutnya menjadi sebuah instrumen evaluasi. Framework ini mengandung 5 parameter untuk mengukur tingkat ketahanan puskesmas yaitu i) kondisi fisik, ii) peran kelembagaan, iii) sumber daya manusia, iv) hubungan eksternal, dan v) keterpaparan terhadap bencana. Penelitian lebih lanjut diperlukan untuk mengembangkan dan memvalidasi instrumen yang dapat digunakan oleh puskesmas untuk melakukan kajian tingkat ketahanan. (JKS 2016; 1: 44-52)

Kata kunci : Bencana, ketahanan, kesehatan, puskesmas

Abstract. Given the critical role of puskesmas (community health center) to minimize the impact of a disaster, it is essential to promote puskesmas resilience concept. Through an extensive literature review, this article aims to provide background information on the general framework of puskesmas resilience in the face of disaster and identify the parameters, variables and indicators to measure the level of resilience. A conceptual framework was constructed for documentation of the measurement component of puskesmas resilience, which integrate potential measures for future development of an evaluation instrument. This framework has five parameters to measure the puskesmas resilience, namely: i) physical conditions, ii) institutional issues, iii) human resources, iv) external relationships, and v) exposure to disaster. Future research will develop and validate an instrument that will allow puskesmas to measure their level of resilience. (JKS 2016; 1: 44-52)

Keywords : Disaster, resilience, health, puskesmas


Keywords


Bencana, ketahanan, kesehatan, puskesmas; Disaster, resilience, health, puskesmas

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References


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