GAMBARAN DIETETIK PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS DIPUSKESMAS ULEE KARENG BANDA ACEH

Husnah Husnah

Abstract


Abstrak. Diabetes mellitus merupakan penyakit kronik disebabkan peningkatan kadar gula darah akibat kekurangan insulin baik absolute maupun relative. Dietetik merupakan  suatu terapi pada penatalaksanaan diabetes.Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui gambaran dietetic penderita DM diwilayah Puskesmas UleeKareng. Metodepenelitian adalah dekriptif dengan populasi seluruh pasien DM yang berobat kepoli umum puskesmas dengan jumlah sampel 92 orang, dilaksanakan pada tanggal 3 Agustus sampai dengan 3 November 2014. Jenis penelitian diskriptif dengan metode accidental sampling. Alat ukur kuesioner dengan cara wawancara. Analisis data secara univariat. Hasil penelitian sebanyak 53 orang (57,6%) pasien dengan dietetic salah dan39 orang (42,4%) dietetic benar. Belum mendapat edukasi tentang diet dari petugas 87%, tidak ada brosur tentang diet yang sesuai 97,8%. Tidak tahu makanan pengganti 83,7%. Penderita perempuan 55 orang (59,8%) dan usiat erbanyak 45-65 tahun (67,4%). Kesimpulan dietetic penderita DM masih banyak belum sesuai dan peran petugas untuk edukasi masih rendah. (JKS 2016; 3: 161- 164)

 

Kata kunci: Dietetik, Diabetes mellitus, kadar gula darah

 

Abstract. Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease caused by elevated blood sugar levels to insulin deficiency either absolute or relative. Dietetic a therapy in the management of diabetes. The purpose of research to describe people with diabetes in the PuskesmasUleeKareng. The research method is descriptive with the population of diabetic patients who visit to public health centers with a sample of 92 people, was held on August 3 until 3 November 2014. This study is descriptive with accidental sampling method. Measuring tool questionnaire by interview. Univariate analysis of the data.Results of the study as many as 53 people (57.6%) patients with wrong dietetic 39 people (42.4%) dietetic true.Have not received education about the diet of the officers 87%, no brochures about appropriate diet 97.8%. Do not know 83.7% meal replacement. 55 female patients (59.8%) and highest age 45-65 years (67.4%). Conclusion many diabetic patients still wrong dietetic and the role of the officer is not fit for education is still low. (JKS 2016; 3: 161- 164)

 

Keywords: Dietetic, Diabetes Mellitus, blood sugar levels

Keywords


Dietetik, Diabetes mellitus, kadar gula darah; Dietetic, Diabetes Mellitus, blood sugar levels

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References


Daftar Pustaka

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