KRISIS EKONOMI DAN SOLUSINYA DALAM PERSPEKTIF ISLAM: ANALISIS KRISIS EKONOMI GLOBAL 2008

Muhammad Shabri Abd. Majid

Abstract


This study discusses descriptively causes of the 2008 credit crunch and sub-prime mortgage crises that started in the U.S. and suggests some solutions to overcome it from an Islamic perspective. Islam has its own recipe to overcome the crises, which lately has occurred more frequently. To offer solutions for the crisis, the study highlights and identifies first the main causes of the crises. Islamic economy which is riba (interest)-, gharar (uncertainty)-, and maysir (gambling)-free is believed to be more resilient economic system during the crisis as compared to the conventional counterparts, and its adoption could prevent the economy from the crisis in the future.

Tulisan ini membahas secara deskriptif penyebab krisis ekonomi global 2008 yang terjadi di Amerika Serikat serta solusinya dari perspektif Islam. Islam memiliki cara tersendiri untuk mengatasi krisis, yang akhir-akhir ini lebih sering terjadi. Untuk menawarkan solusi terhadap krisis ekonomi, tulisan ini mengidentifikasi terlabih dahulu penyebab utama dari krisis, dan kemudian menawarkan solusinya. Ekonomi Islam yang bebas riba (bunga), gharar (ketidakpastian), dan maysir (perjudian) merupakan sebuah sistem ekonomi yang lebih tangguh selama krisis dibandingkan dengan sistem ekonomi konvensional, dan penggunaan sistem ekonomi Islam diyakini mampu mencegah ekonomi dari krisis di masa depan.


Keywords


2008 Global Financial Crisis; NINJA Loan, Sale of Debt, Islamic Economics

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jped.v1i2.6547

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Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam



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Published by:

Islamic Economics Department collaborated with IAEI DPW Aceh
Economics and Business Faculty
Syiah Kuala University
Kopelma Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Indonesia - 23111
ISSN: 2502-6976, E-ISSN: 2580-6297

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