ZAKAT SEBAGAI KEBIJAKAN FISKAL PADA MASA KEKHALIFAH UMAR BIN KHATTAB

Nurma Sari

Abstract


This paper discusses a descriptive charity as fiscal policy during the caliphate of Umar. Zakat has a major position in fiscal policy in the early days of Islam. Besides, as a source of major revenue Islamic state at the time, zakat is also capable of supporting both state spending in the form of government expenditure (expenditure countries) and government transfers (transfer expenses). Zakat is also able to influence the economic policy of the Islamic government to improve the welfare of the people, especially the weak. It was in because zakat is the source of funds that will never dry out.

Tulisan ini membahas secara deskriptif zakat sebagai kebijakan fiscal pada masa kekhalifahan umar bin khatab. Zakat mempunyai kedudukan utama dalam kebijakan fiskal pada masa awal islam. Disamping sebagai sumber pendapatan Negara Islam yang utama pada masa itu, zakat juga mampu menunjang pengeluaran Negara baik dalam bentuk government expenditure (pengeluaran belanja negara) maupun government transfer (pengeluaran transfer). Zakat juga mampu mempengaruhi kebijakan ekonomi pemerintah islam untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan rakyat terutama kaum lemah. Hal itu di karenakan zakat adalah sumber dana yang tidak akan pernah kering dan habis.


Keywords


Zakat, Fiscal Policy, The Caliphate of Umar bin Khattab

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jped.v1i2.6552

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Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam



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Published by:

Islamic Economics Department collaborated with IAEI DPW Aceh
Economics and Business Faculty
Syiah Kuala University
Kopelma Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Indonesia - 23111
ISSN: 2502-6976, E-ISSN: 2580-6297

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