Pengembangan E-Modul Berbasis Multipel Representasi Dengan Bantuan Teknologi Augmented Reality untuk Pembelajaran Materi Bentuk Molekul

Mifta Hurrahman, Erlina Erlina*, Husna Amalya Melati, Eny Enawaty, Rody Putra Sartika

Abstract


The integration between the three levels of chemical representations is needed by students to get a comprehensive understanding. Based on the preliminary study only 45.5% out of 120 year 2 and year 3 students of chemistry education who passed the final exam with satisfactory category. Thus, teaching resources that integrate the three levels of chemical representation are needed. The aim of this study is to develop and determine the level of validity of e-module utilizing multiple representations of molecular shapes based on VSEPR theory using augmented reality technology. This research employs research and development refers to the instructional design of the ADDIE model consist of 5 stages: Analyze, Design, Develop, Implementation and Evaluation. The products of this research are the e-module of molecular shapes based on VSEPR theory utilizing multiple representations and Augmented Reality Molecule Simulator (ARMOR) application. The resources presented 13 types of molecular shapes, molecules with lone pair and without lone pair of electrons around the central atom. The instrument used in this study is the validity questionnaire sheet. Data collected were then analyzed using the percentage criteria proposed by Akbar. The results of the experts’ validation indicated that the product is categorized as very valid with 94% of content validity, 93% of media validity, and 99% of language validity. Therefore, the ARMOR is suitable for use in teaching and learning process. Students show a positive response to the use of the application in helping them understand concepts, which are easy to use, has an attractive appearance, and fun.

Keywords


Molecular Shape, VSEPR theory, Multiple Representations, Augmented Reality

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdel-Halim, H. 2020. The effectiveness of using three-dimensional visualization tools to improve students’ understanding of medicinal chemistry and advanced drug design concepts. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 19(4):170–187. https://doi.org/10.26803/ijlter.19.4.11.

Abdulrahaman, M.D., Faruk, N., Oloyede, A.A., Surajudeen-Bakinde, N.T., Olawoyin, L.A., Mejabi, O.V., Imam-Fulani, Y.O., Fahm, A.O., & Azeez, A.L. 2020. Multimedia tools in the teaching and learning processes: a systematic review. Heliyon, 6(11):1–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05312.

Adom, D., Mensah, J.A., & Dake, D.A. 2020. Test, measurement, and evaluation: understanding and use of the concepts in education. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 9(1):109–119. https://doi.org/10.11591/ ijere.v9i1.20457.

Afnan, Muhammad, K., Khan, N., Lee, M.Y., Imran, A.S., & Sajjad, M. 2021. School of the future: a comprehensive study on the effectiveness of augmented reality as a tool for primary school children’s education. Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 11(11):5277 https://doi.org/10.3390/app11115277.

Akbar, S. 2013. Instrumen Perangkat Pembelajaran. Remaja Rosda Karya.

Anggriawan, B., Effendy, & Budiasih, E. 2017. Kemampuan spasial dan kaitannya dengan pemahaman mahasiswa terhadap materi simetri. Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan, 2(12):1612–1619. https://doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v2i12.10299

Asmar, A., & Suryadarma, I.G.P. 2021. Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran IPA terpadu model nested berbasis perahu phinisi untuk meningkatkan keterampilan komunikasi dan pengetahuan konseptual. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia, 9(4):565–578. https://doi.org/10.24815/jpsi.v9i4.20994.

Astuti, W. 2020. Implementasi metode super resolusi untuk meningkatkan kualitas citra hasil screenshot. Jurikom (Jurnal Riset Komputer), 7(3):432-440. https://doi.org/10. 30865/jurikom.v7i3.2129.

Ayuningtyas, R. 2016. Analisis kualitas buku siswa kurikulum 2013 kelas VII sekolah menengah pertama. Indonesian Journal of Curriculum and Educational Technology Studies, 4(1):14–24. https://doi.org/10.15294/ijcets.v4i1.14273.

Azzajjad, M.F., Ahmar, D.S., & Syahrir, M. 2020. The effect of animation media in discovery learning model on students’ representation ability on chemical equilibrium materials. Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, 2(2):204–209. https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci22125.

Behmke, D., Kerven, D., Lutz, R., Paredes, J., Pennington, R., Brannock, E., Deiters, M., Rose, J., & Stevens, K. 2018. Augmented reality chemistry: transforming 2-D molecular representations into interactive 3-D structures. Proceedings of the Interdisciplinary STEM Teaching and Learning Conference, 2(1):5–11. https://doi.org/10.20429/stem.2018.020103.

Biswajit, B. 2019. Misconceptions in shape of molecule: evidence from 9th grade science students. Educational Research and Reviews, 14(12):410–418. https://doi.org/10.5897/err2019.3755.

Branch, R. M. 2009. Instructional design: the ADDIE approach. In encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science. Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-09506-6.

Cole, M., Wilhelm, J., Vaught, B.M.M., Fish, C., & Fish, H. 2020. The relationship between spatial ability and the conservation of matter in middle school. Education Sciences, 11(1):49-63. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11010004.

Desintha, S. 2019. Semiotic analysis of book cover “soulscape road” by oscar motuloh. VISUALITA, 8(1):1–14. https://doi.org/10.33375/vslt.v8i1.1234.

Djoa, D.D., & Kusumaningtyas, P. 2021. Design and feasibility of exe learning media on the topic of chemical bonding. International Journal of Active Learning, 6(2):76–84.

Dwiningsih, K., & Safitri, N.Y. 2020. Development interactive multimedia using 3D virtual modelling on intermolecular forces matter. International Journal of Chemistry Education Research, 3(3):17–25. https://doi.org/10.20885/ijcer.vol4.iss1.art3.

Phon, D.N.A.L.E., Rahman, M.H.A., Utama, N. I., Ali, M. B., Halim, N.D.A., & Kasim, S. 2019. The effect of augmented reality on spatial visualization ability of elementary school student. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 9(2):624–629. https://doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.9.2.4971.

Ependi, U., Kurniawan, T.B., & Panjaitan, F. 2019. System usability scale vs heuristic evaluation: a review. Simetris: Jurnal Teknik Mesin, Elektro dan Ilmu Komputer, 10(1):65–74. https://doi.org/10.24176/simet.v10i1.2725.

Erlina, Cane, C., & Williams, D.P. 2018. Prediction! the VSEPR game: using cards and molecular model building to actively enhance students’ understanding of molecular geometry. Journal of Chemical Education, 95(6):991–995. https://doi.org/10.1021/ acs.jchemed.7b00687.

Erlina, E., Eny, E., & Rahmat, R. 2021. Using simple molecular model to enhance students’ understanding on molecular geometry based on VSEPR theory. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Kimia, 10(1):24–33.

Farida, I., Mayangsari, D., & Irwansyah, F.S. 2020. Learning media based on three level representation and inquiry for electrolysis cell materials. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1503(1):12037. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1503/1/ 012036.

Fauzan, A., Muriyatmoko, D., & Utama, S.N. 2020. Penerapan teknologi augmented reality pada media pembelajaran bahasa arab: durus al-lughah jilid 1. ELSE (Elementary School Education Journal), 4(1):63–78. https://doi.org/10.30651/else.v4i1.4379.

Fujiwara, D., Kellar, K., Humer, I., Pietroszek, K., & Eckhardt, C. 2020. VSEPR theory, an interactive and immersive virtual reality. Proceedings of 6th International Conference of the Immersive Learning Research Network, iLRN 2020, June, p.140–146. https://doi.org/10.23919/iLRN47897.2020.9155185.

Gall, M.D., Gall, J.P., & Borg, W.R. 1984. Educational research: an introduction. British Journal of Educational Studies, 32(3):274. https://doi.org/10.2307/3121583.

Galvez, R. 2018. Effectiveness of animated visuals for the teaching of chemical bonding in junior high school chemistry. International Journal of Education and Research, 6(1):119–128.

Gkitzia, V., Salta, K., & Tzougraki, C. 2020. Students’ competence in translating between different types of chemical representations. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 21(1):307–330. https://doi.org/10.1039/c8rp00301g.

Harackiewicz, J.M., Smith, J.L., & Priniski, S.J. 2016. Interest matters: the importance of promoting interest in education. Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 3(2):220–227. https://doi.org/10.1177/2372732216655542.

Harle, M. & Towns, M. 2011. A review of spatial ability literature, its connection to chemistry, and implications for instruction. Journal of Chemical Education, 88(3):351–360. https://doi.org/10.1021/ed900003n.

Herpika, F. & Mawardi, M. 2021. Validity of the flipped classroom learning system based on guided inquiry on molecular forms using augmented reality for class X SMA / MA students. International Journal of Progressive Sciences and Technologies (IJPSAT), 27(4):232–236.

Hidayah, R. & Destari, T.Y. 2020. The practicality of scrap-mod as a learning media on molecular geometry. 95:222–226. https://doi.org/10.2991/miseic-19.2019.52.

Ibáñez, M.B., & Delgado-Kloos, C. 2018. Augmented reality for STEM learning: a systematic review. Computers and Education, 123(9):109–123. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.compedu.2018.05.002.

Ibnu, S. 2017. The influence of students’ inquiry learning and spatial ability toward molecular shape topic. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains, 5(2):64–71. https://doi.org/dx.doi. org/10.17977/jps.v5i2.9033.

Irwansyah, F.S., Yusuf, Y.M., Farida, I., & Ramdhani, M.A. 2018. Augmented reality (AR) technology on the android operating system in chemistry learning. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 288(1):1–7. https://doi.org/10.1088/ 1757-899X/288/1/012068.

Karlina, D.M., Pada, A.U.T., Khairil, K., Artika, W., & Abdullah, A. 2021. Efektivitas modul elektronik berbasis web dipadu problem based learning terhadap motivasi belajar pada materi pencemaran lingkungan. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia, 9(1): 139–150. https://doi.org/10.24815/jpsi.v9i1.18135.

Kiernan, N.A., Manches, A., & Seery, M.K. 2021. The role of visuospatial thinking in students’ predictions of molecular geometry. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 22(3):626–639. https://doi.org/10.1039/d0rp00354a.

Krüger, J.M., Buchholz, A., & Bodemer, D. 2019. Augmented reality in education: three unique characteristics from a user’s perspective. ICCE 2019 - 27th International Conference on Computers in Education, Proceedings, 1, 412–422.

Kumar, S., Devi, S., & Puranam, C. 2015. Augmented reality in enhancing qualitative education. International Journal of Computer Applications, 132(14):41–45. https://doi.org/10.5120/ijca2015907624.

Kusdiyanti, H., Zanky, M.N., & Wati, A.P. 2020. Blended learning for augmented reality to increase student competitiveness the filling subject toward making Indonesia 4.0. KnE Social Sciences, 4(7):88–100. https://doi.org/10.18502/kss.v4i7.6845.

Kustyarini, K., Utami, S., & Koesmijati, E. 2020. The importance of interactive learning media in a new civilization era. European Journal of Open Education and E-learning Studies, 5(2):48–60. https://doi.org/10.46827/ejoe.v5i2.3298.

Lau, X.C., Wong, Y.L., Wong, J.E., Koh, D., Sedek, R., Jamil, A.T., Ng, A.L.O., Hazizi, A.S., Ruzita, A.T., & Poh, B.K. 2019. Development and validation of a physical activity educational module for overweight and obese adolescents: CERGAS programme. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(9):1–16. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091506.

Lerik, M.D.C. 2016. Kapasitas memori kerja dalam pengambilan keputusan. Buletin Psikologi, 24(1):32–42. https://doi.org/10.22146/bpsi.12678.

Liono, R.A., Amanda, N., Pratiwi, A., & Gunawan, A.A.S. 2021. A systematic literature review: learning with visual by the help of augmented reality helps students learn better. Procedia Computer Science, 179(1):144–152. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.procs.2020.12.019.

Lowrie, T., Logan, T., & Hegarty, M. 2019. The influence of spatial visualization training on students’ spatial reasoning and mathematics performance. Journal of Cognition and Development, 20(5):729–751. https://doi.org/10.1080/15248372.2019.1653298.

Luviani, S.D., Mulyani, S., & Widhiyanti, T. 2021. A review of three levels of chemical representation until 2020. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1806(1):12206. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1806/1/012206.

Mansor, N., Zakaria, R., Rashid, R.A., Arifin, R.M., Rahim, B.H.A., Zakaria, R., & Mohd, M.T. 2020. A review survey on the use computer animation in education. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 917(1):12021. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/917/1/012021.

Mauliandri, R., Maimunah, M., & Roza, Y. 2021. Kesesuaian alat evaluasi dengan indikator pencapaian kompetensi dan kompetensi dasar pada RPP matematika. Jurnal Cendekia : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 5(1):803–811. https://doi.org/10.31004/ cendekia.v5i1.436.

Mekwong, S., & Chamrat, S. 2021. The development learning activities using three levels of chemical representation for enhance upper secondary students’ organic chemistry concepts. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1835(1):12027. https://doi.org/ 10.1088/1742-6596/1835/1/012027.

Mustaqim, I. 2016. Pemanfaatan augmented reality sebagai media pembelajaran. Jurnal pendidikan teknologi dan kejuruan, 13(2):174–182. https://doi.org/10.23887/jptk-undiksha.v13i2.8525.

Nazar, M., Aisyi, R., Rahmayani, R.F.I., Hanum, L., Rusman, R., Puspita, K., & Hidayat, M. 2020. Development of augmented reality application for learning the concept of molecular geometry. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1460(1):1–6. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1460/1/012083.

Nazar, M., Zulfadli, Oktarina, A., & Puspita, K. 2020. Pengembangan aplikasi pembelajaran interaktif berbasis android untuk membantu mahasiswa dalam mempelajari materi larutan elektrolit dan nonelektrolit. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia, 8(1):39–54. https://doi.org/10.24815/jpsi.v8i1.16047.

Panjaitan, R.G.P., Titin, & Wahyuni, E.S. 2021. Kelayakan booklet inventarisasi tumbuhan berkhasiat obat sebagai media pembelajaran. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia, 9(1):11–21. https://doi.org/10.24815/jpsi.v9i1.17966.

Pérez, J.R.B., Pérez, M.E.B., Calatayud, M.L., & Sabater, J.V. 2017. Student’s misconceptions on chemical bonding : a comparative study between high school and first year university students. Asian Journal of Education and e-Learning, 5(1):1–15.

Pratiwi, C.P. & Ediyono, S. 2019. Analisis keterampilan guru sekolah dasar dalam menerapkan variasi pembelajaran. Jurnal Sekolah, 4(1):1–8.

Puspitarini, Y.D., & Hanif, M. 2019. Using learning media to increase learning motivation in elementary school. Anatolian Journal of Education, 4(2):53–60. https://doi.org/ 10.29333/aje.2019.426a.

Rahmawati, Y., Dianhar, H., & Arifin, F. 2021. Analysing students’ spatial abilities in chemistry learning using 3D virtual representation. Education Sciences, 11(4):1–22. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11040185.

Raja, R., & Nagasubramani, P.C. 2018. Impact of modern technology in education. Journal of Applied and Advanced Research, 3(1):33–35. https://doi.org/10.21839/ jaar.2018.v3S1.165.

Ramadhan, S., Mardapi, D., Prasetyo, Z.K., & Utomo, H.B. 2019. The development of an instrument to measure the higher order thinking skill in physics. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(3):743–751. https://doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.8.3.743.

Ramful, A., Lowrie, T., & Logan, T. 2017. Measurement of spatial ability: construction and validation of the spatial reasoning instrument for middle school students. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 35(7):709–727. https://doi.org/10.1177/ 0734282916659207.

Ningsih, I.N.I.S.R.R. 2020. The use of augmented reality cards to improve science learning outcomes about the effect of force on the shape and motion of objects. Journal of Education Technology, 4(3):228–234. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v4i3.28528.

Rizkiana, F., & Apriani, H. 2020. Simulasi PhET: pengaruhnya terhadap pemahaman konsep bentuk dan kepolaran molekul. Quantum: Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Sains, 11(1): 1-7. https://doi.org/10.20527/quantum.v11i1.6412.

Rochmawati, I. 2019. Analisis user interface situs web iwearup.com. Visualita, 7(2):31-44. https://doi.org/10.33375/vslt.v7i2.1459.

Roslan, R.K. & Ahmad, A. 2017. 3D spatial visualisation skills training application for school students using hologram pyramid. International Journal on Informatics Visualization, 1(4):170–174. https://doi.org/10.30630/joiv.1.4.61.

San, S.M., Widoretno, S., Ariyanto, J., Sajidan, & Dwiastuti, S. 2020. Increase the hierarchy concept map score through the modification in the 2nd stage of problem-based learning. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1567(2):22057. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1567/2/022057.

Santos, V.C., & Arroio, A. 2016. The representational levels: influences and contributions to research in chemical education. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 13(1):3–18. https://doi.org/10.12973/tused.10153a.

Saraswati, T.E., Saputro, S., Ramli, M., Praseptiangga, D., Khasanah, N., & Marwati, S. 2017. Understanding valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory using origami molecular models. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 795(1):12066. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/795/1/012066.

Schurgin, M.W. 2018. Visual memory, the long and the short of it: a review of visual working memory and long-term memory. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 80(5):1035–1056. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-018-1522-y.

Shui-Te, L., Kusuma, I.W., Wardani, S., & Harjito, H. 2018. Hasil identifikasi miskonsepsi siswa ditinjau dari aspek makroskopis, mikroskopis, dan simbolik (MMS) pada pokok bahasan partikulat sifat materi di taiwan. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Kimia, 12(1):2019-2030. https://doi.org/10.15294/jipk.v12i1.13295.

Stanaya, I.K.T.A., Sukajaya, I.N., Gunadi, I.G.A. 2019. Analisis efek pencahayaan pada performa augmented reality book coral sponges menggunakan metode marker-based tracking. Jurnal Ilmu Komputer Indonesia (JIKI), 4(2):1–9. https://doi.org/ 10.23887/jik.v4i2.2770.

Stojanovska, M., Petruševski, V.M., & Šoptrajanov, B. 2017. Study of the use of the three levels of thinking and representation. Contributions, Section of Natural, Mathematical and Biotechnical Sciences, 35(1):37–46. https://doi.org/10.20903/csnmbs. masa.2014.35.1.52.

Sujak, K.B., Gnanamalar, E., & Daniel, S. 2018. Understanding of macroscopic, microscopic and symbolic representations among form four students in solving stoichiometric problems. MOJES: Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 5(3), 83–96.

Sukmawati, W. 2019. Analisis level makroskopis , mikroskopis dan simbolik mahasiswa dalam memahami elektrokimia. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan IPA, 5(2):195–204. https://doi.org/10.21831/jipi.v5i2.27517.

Sunyono, S., & Meristin, A. 2018. The effect of multiple representation-based learning (MRL) to increase students’ understanding of chemical bonding concepts. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 7(4):399–406. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v7i4.16219.

Sunyono, S., & Sudjarwo, S. 2018. Mental models of atomic structure concepts of 11th grade chemistry students. Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching, 19(1):1–21.

Uyulgan, M.A., Akkuzu, N., & Alpat, Ş. 2014. Assessing the students’ understanding related to molecular geometry using a two-tier diagnostic test. Journal of Baltic Science Education, 13(6): 839–855. https://doi.org/ 10.33225/jbse/14.13.839.

Vlacholia, M., Vosniadou, S., Roussos, P., Salta, K., Kazi, S., Sigalas, M., & Tzougraki, C. 2017. Changes in visual/spatial and analytic strategy use in organic chemistry with the development of expertise. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 18(4):763–773. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7rp00036g.

Wahid, A., & Anra, H. 2017. Cross platform aplikasi augmented reality untuk mata pelajaran kimia struktur molekul. Jurnal Sistem dan Teknologi Informasi, 5(3): 1–5.

Wahyudi, U.M.W., & Arwansyah, Y.B. 2019. Developing augmented reality-based learning media to improve student visual spatial intelligence. Indonesian Journal of Curriculum and Educational Technology Studies, 7(2):89–95. https://doi.org/10.15294/ ijcets.v7i2.36039.

Weng, C., Otanga, S., Christianto, S.M., & Chu, R.J.C. 2020. Enhancing students’ biology learning by using augmented reality as a learning supplement. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 58(4):747–770. https://doi.org/10.1177/0735633119884213.

Widiastari, K., & Redhana, I.W. 2021. Multiple representation-based chemistry learning textbook of colloid topic. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1806(1):12185. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1806/1/012185.

Wuttisela, K. 2017. Authentic assessment tool for the measurement of students’ understanding of the valence shell electron pair repulsion theory. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 5(9):1549–1553. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2017.050912.

Yuni, R & Afriadi, R. 2020. Pengembangan modul pembelajaran kondisional untuk belajar dari rumah (BDR). Jurnal Handayam, 11(2):144–152. https://doi.org/10.24114/ jh.v11i2.

Yustiqvar, M., Gunawan, G., & Hadisaputra, S. 2019. Green chemistry based interactive multimedia on acid-base concept. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1364(1):12006. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1364/1/012006.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jpsi.v10i1.22579

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Mifta Hurrahman, Erlina Erlina, Husna Amalya Melati, Eny Enawaty, Rody Putra Sartika



Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia

ISSN 2338-4379  (print) | 2615-840X (online)
Organized by Universitas Syiah Kuala 
Published by Program Studi Magister Pendidikan IPA Program Pascasarjana Universitas Syiah Kuala
Website : http://jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/jpsi
Email     : jpsi@unsyiah.ac.id

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.