Analysis of Student's Creative Thinking Ability Based On Gender Perspective On Reaction Rate Topic

Ella Izzatin Nada, Wiwik Kartika Sari*

Abstract


Everyone has different creative potential. These differences can be influenced by experience, thinking patterns, ways of determining points of view, and other factors, including gender. This study aims to describe the profile of student's creative thinking skills from a gender perspective. The subjects were 450 high school students at Semarang City. The method used in this research is descriptive based on a comparative quantitative approach by using a test instrument. The test used in this study is a description test which consists of 10 questions arranged using Taxonomy Marzano. The results showed that the creative thinking skills between male and female students generally did not significantly differ. The differences in the characteristics of creative thinking skills can be seen in the fluency, flexibility, and elaboration indicators, while on the originality indicator, there is no significant difference. Differences in characteristics in this study are caused by differences in reasoning patterns between male and female students in solving given chemical problems. Male students tend to express many ideas and varied reasoning answers, while female students detail the solutions they put forward.


Keywords


creative thinking, gender, the reaction rate

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abraham, A., Thybusch, K., Pieritz, K., & Hermann, C. (2014). Gender differences in creative thinking: Behavioral and fMRI findings. Brain Imaging and Behavior, 8(1), 39–51. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11682-013-9241-4

Aini, S. D., & Hasanah, S. I. (2019). Berpikir Visual dan Memecahkan Masalah: Apakah Berbeda Berdasarkan Gender? JNPM (Jurnal Nasional Pendidikan Matematika), 3(2), 177. https://doi.org/10.33603/jnpm.v3i2.2192

Al-khatib, B. A. (2012). The Effect of Using Brainstorming Strategy in Developing Creative Problem Solving Skills among Female Students in Princess Alia University College Department of Psychology and Special Education. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 2(10), 29–38.

Al-Oweidi, A. (2013). Creative Characteristics and Its Relation to Achievement and School Type among Jordanian Students. Creative Education, 04(01), 29–34. https://doi.org/10.4236/ce.2013.41004

Asmaningtias, Y. T. (2012). Kemampuan Matematika Laki-Laki Dan Perempuan. https://doi.org/10.18860/jt.v1i2.1840

Du, K., Wang, Y., Ma, X., Luo, Z., Wang, L., & Shi, B. (2020). Achievement goals and creativity: the mediating role of creative self-efficacy. Educational Psychology, 40(10), 1249–1269. https://doi.org/10.1080/01443410.2020.1806210

Fakih, M. (2004). Analisis Gender dan Transformasi Sosial. Jakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Greenstein, L. (2012). Assessing 21st Century Skills: A Guide to Evaluating Mastery and Authentic Learning. California: Corwin Press A Sage Publications Company.

Lince, R. (2016). Creative Thinking Ability to Increase Student Mathematical of Junior High School by Applying Models Numbered Heads Together. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(6), 206–212.

Munandar, M. (2016). Kreativitas & Keberbakatan Strategi Mewujudkan Potensi Kreatif & Bakat. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Nuswowati, M., & Taufiq, M. (2015). Developing creative thinking skills and creative attitude through problem based green vision chemistry environment learning. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 4(2), 170–176. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v4i2.4187

Ritter, S. M., Id, X. G., Crijns, M., & Biekens, P. (2020). Fostering students ’ creative thinking skills by means of a one-year creativity training program. PLoS ONE, 15(3), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0229773

Siswanto, R. D., & Ratiningsih, R. P. (2020). Korelasi kemampuan berpikir kritis dan kreatif matematis dengan kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis materi bangun ruang. ANARGYA: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika, 3(2), 96–103.

Toledo, S., & Dubas, J. M. (2016). Encouraging Higher-Order Thinking in General Chemistry by Scaffolding Student Learning Using Marzano’s Taxonomy. Journal of Chemical Education, 93(1), 64–69. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jchemed.5b00184

Trianggono, M. M. (2017). Analisis Kausalitas Pemahaman Konsep Dengan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa Pada Pemecahan Masalah Fisika. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Dan Keilmuan (JPFK), 3(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.25273/jpfk.v3i1.874

Wang, A. Y. (2011). Contexts of creative thinking: a comparison on creative performance of student teachers in Taiwan and the United States. Journal of International and Cross-Cultural Studies, 2(1), 1–14.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jpsi.v10i1.23064

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Ella Izzatin Nada, Wiwik Kartika Sari



Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia

ISSN 2338-4379  (print) | 2615-840X (online)
Organized by Universitas Syiah Kuala 
Published by Program Studi Magister Pendidikan IPA Program Pascasarjana Universitas Syiah Kuala
Website : http://jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/jpsi
Email     : jpsi@unsyiah.ac.id

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.