MONITORING REHABILITASI GARIS PANTAI DI UTARA KECAMATAN JOHAN PAHLAWAN-ACEH BARAT

Aminullah Hidayat, Syamsidik Syamsidik, Masimin Masimin

Abstract


Abstract : Ocean Tsunami on 2004 affects morphology on the shoreline around Meulaboh City with changing the position of the shoreline from the previous conditions to shift toward the mainland. In the last ten years several measurements has been taken to protect and preserve the shoreline, one of them by making a protection structure. The research objective, among others, reviewing changes in the coastline due to tsunami waves and sediment transport processes and review the changes and building envelope performance coastline. Research conducted on sediment transport processes are studied in long shore along the coast. The magnitude of the effect of sediment transport in the building envelope shoreline littoral drift indicates that the process has a passenger capacity large enough to cause accretion and buildup of sediment in a specific area. Stage of methodology was conducted by determine the study area and perform calculations based on the wave fetch. Then proceed with the calculation of sediment transport formulas are available. Shoreline change analysis with Google Earth satellite image time series and tracking with GPS devices along the beach and aided by digitization software ArcGIS. Technical documents and data building coastal protection can be obtained from the relevant agencies. Interviews were conducted by means of in-depth interviews with stakeholders and local communities. The results aim to be achieved from this research is provide information that describes the process of change and restoration of shoreline that will be presented in the form of images and calculating results. The results could be used to be consideration of the type of construction. Furthermore could be used for coastal protection and spatial planning for the coastal zone management related to sediment transport processes

Keywords : Tsunami, Coastal Recovery, Longshore Sediment Transport, Coastal Structures Performance.

Abstrak : Gelombang Tsunami Tahun 2004 telah menyebabkan perubahan secara geografis pada garis pantai di pesisir utara kecamatan Johan Pahlawan sekitar Kota Meulaboh.Letak garis pantai mengalami perubahan dari kondisi sebelumnya bergeser ke arah daratan. Dalam sepuluh tahun terakhir ini beberapa tindakan dilakukan untuk melindungi dan mempertahankan garis pantai, salah satunya dengan membangun bangunan pengaman pantai. Tujuan penelitian antara lain meninjau perubahan garis pantai akibat gelombang tsunami dan proses sediment transport dan meninjau perubahan dan kinerja bangunan pelindung garis pantai. Penelitian dilakukan terhadap proses sediment transport yang dikaji secara long shore di sepanjang pantai. Besarnya pengaruh sediment transport pada bangunan pelindung garis pantai mengindikasi bahwa proses littoral drift memiliki daya angkut yang cukup besar sehingga dapat menyebabkan akresi dan penumpukan sedimen di kawasan tertentu. Metodologi penelitian dilakukan adalah menentukan lokasi studi dan melakukan perhitungan gelombang berdasarkan fetch. Kemudian dilanjutkan dengan perhitungan sediment transport dengan formula yang tersedia. Perubahan garis pantai dianalisa dengan citra satelit Google Earth time series dan melakukan tracking dengan alat GPS sepanjang pantai dan dibantu dengan digitasi software ArcGIS. Dokumen teknis dan data bangunan pelindung pantai dapat diperoleh dari instansi terkait. Wawancara dilakukan dengan cara in-depth interview dengan pihak terkait dan masyarakat setempat. Hasil yang ingin dicapai dari penelitian ini adalah tersedianya informasi yang menjelaskan proses perubahan dan pemulihan garis pantai yang akan disajikan dalam bentuk gambar dan hasil perhitungan. Hasil penelitian ini dapat digunakan untuk dasar penentuan jenis konstruksi pengaman pantai dan perencaaan tata ruang di kawasan pesisir terkait proses sediment transport.

Kata kunci : Tsunami, Coastal Recovery, Longshore Sediment Transport, Kinerja Bangunan Pantai.

Keywords


Tsunami, Coastal Recovery, Longshore Sediment Transport, Coastal Structures Performance

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