Utilization of Natural Extracts as Corrosion Inhibitors in the Seawater Environment

Pocut Nurul Alam, Cut Meurah Rosnelly, Justaman Arifin Karo karo, Akhar Ilhamdi, Raiyan Soekarno, Izzan Nur Aslam

Abstract


Infrastructures in coastal area are mostly made of metal which is susceptible to corrosion due to direct contact with the seawater. The Seawater greatly affects the corrosion rate of metals because it contains chloride ions which can penetrate metal surface. The process of corrosion can be inhibited or slowed by decreasing the corrosion rate in one way, namely the addition of corrosion inhibitors derived from natural materials containing tannin compounds. This study proposed organic corrosion inhibitors which were derived from natural material extracts (coffee leaves and catappa leaves), the effect of time variations on the efficiency of organic inhibitors was investigated, and the efficiency of each inhibitor organic was compared. The corrosion rate with and without inhibitors was analysed by using the method of weight loss. The results showed that the corrosion rate can be reduced by adding the natural ingredients extract. The addition of 2% concentration coffee leaves extract resulted in the lowest corrosion rate with the addition of 0.00226 mmpy. The addition of catappa leaves extract concentration as much as 2% yield the lowest corrosion rate with the addition of 0.0012 mmpy. The highest efficiency of inhibition system was obtained by using 2% catappa leaves extract at 14 days soaking time at 69.23%, and the lowest by using 1% coffee leaves extract.

 


Keywords


inhibitor, natural extract, corrosion, sea water

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.23955/rkl.v16i2.18156

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Copyright (c) 2021 Pocut Nurul Alam, Cut Meurah Rosnelly, Justaman Arifin Karo karo, Akhar Ilhamdi, Raiyan Soekarno

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