Pemanfaatan Limbah Daun Kelapa Sawit sebagai Bahan Baku Pupuk Kompos

Ramayanty Bulan, Tineke Mandang, Wawan Hermawan, Desrial Desrial

Abstract


Abstrak. Limbah padat pada perkebunan kelapa sawit telah diketahui potensial sebagai bahan baku pupuk organik padat melalui proses pengomposan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan teknik dan mengkarakterisasi proses pengomposan limbah daun kelapa sawit sebagai bahan dasar pupuk organik potensial. Proses pengomposan dilakukan dengan dua faktor perlakuan, meliputi komposisi bahan katalisator kompos (Bokashi, Vermikompos dan Natural) dan ukuran cacahan daun sawit (2 cm, 4 cm 6 cm). Parameter yang diamati meliputi persentase penyusutan massa dan fluktuasi perubahan suhu selama proses pengomposan, serta pengukuran zat hara Nitrogen, Phospor, Kalium (NPK) dan rasio C/N yang terkandung pada hasil pengomposan yang diukur setelah 10 dan 14 minggu proses pengomposan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa metode pengomposan dengan bokashi memberikan penyusutan massa terbesar jika dibandingkan dua metode lainnya pada semua ukuran cacahan yaitu sebesar 32%. Cacahan daun sawit yang berukuran kecil cenderung memberikan proses pengomposan yang lebih cepat dan memberikan produk kompos yang lebih baik. Hasil pengukuran setelah proses pengomposan menunjukkan bahwa interaksi dua faktor perlakuan yang diberikan hanya berpengaruh signifikan pada rasio C/N dan tidak signifikan pada zat hara NPK.

 

Utilization of Waste Palm Leaves as Raw Material Palm Compost

Abstract. The use of oil palm plantation solid waste, particularly oil palm leaf as organic compost raw material are now receiving greater attention by researchers, but have not been fully utilized on large scale, either agriculturally or industrially. The aim of present study was to characterize composting process with oil palm leaf as raw material. The research of composting conducted with two combination of composting factor, namely: composting starter composition (i.e. Bokashi, vermi-compost and natural composting) and piece of frond dimension (2 cm, 4 cm, 6 cm). The percentage of mass reduction and temperature fluctuation during composting process were measured. The NPK compound and C/N ratio measurement were conducted after composting process which are 10 and 14 weeks. The result indicates that Bokashi starter composition gives higher percentage of mass reduction on all variant of piece of frond dimension. Results also showed that smaller piece of frond enable the composting process quicker and had better result. Statistical analysis reveals that combination of composting factors have significant effect on C/N ratio but insignificant on NPK.


Keywords


bokashi; natural; vermikompos; C/N ratio; NPK; rasio C/N

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/rtp.v9i2.5650

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