An analysis of illocutionary acts in a fantasy movie

Siti Sarah Fitriani, Diana Achmad, Fitria Rasmita

Abstract


This study aims to find out the types and the most dominant illocutionary acts used by the main character in a fantasy movie, ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secret’. A descriptive qualitative study was done by observing the utterances spoken by the main character in the movie. The spoken utterances were then analysed based on the types of illocutionary acts, namely: representative, directive, commissive, expressive and declarative.  The results of the study showed that out of the five, only four types of illocutionary acts were found in the movie, they are representative, directive, expressive, and commissive. The most frequently illocutionary act used is directive (47.64%), while the least frequently used is commissive (4.19%). The directive forces used by the main character are varied. Directives are used get the hearers to do something, where in the movie, he often used asking and ordering. Meanwhile, declarative is not employed by the main character since performing declarative act needs authorities and status; this act is used to change the world through utterances. But the main character in this movie do not have any certain status or authority in any position at the magic school he attended, he is a student, still new with the magic world and do not have much power. This is why declarative was not found in the utterances of the main character.


Keywords


pragmatics; illocutionary acts; utterances; fantasy movie

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ainurrohmah. (2011). The use of illocutionary acts in Stephenie Meyer's New Moon (Barchelor's thesis). Semarang State University, Semarang.

Amalia, R. M. (2017). Use of implicit performative utterances at University of Padjadjaran and at University of Pennsylvania. Studies in English Language and Education, 4(1), 66-75.

Austin, J. L. (1962). How to do things with words. Oxford University Press.

Chimayasari, F. (2016). A pragmatic analysis of illocutionary acts performed by the main character in Alan Poul’s the Back Up-Plan movie. (Master’s thesis). Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta.

Cutting, J. (2002). Pragmatics and discourse: A resource book for students. Routledge.

Gusthini, M., Sobarna, C., & Amalia, R. M. (2018). A pragmatic study of speech as an instrument of power: Analysis of the 2016 USA presidential debate. Studies in English Language and Education, 5(1), 97-113.

Hornby, A. S. (2000). Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary. Oxford University Press.

Kothari, C. R. (2004). Research methodology: Methods and techniques. New Age International.

Leech, G. N. (1983). Principle of pragmatics. Longman.

Levinson, S. C. (1983). Pragmatics. Cambridge University Press.

Nugroho, A. S. (2011). An analysis of illocutionary acts in Sherlock Holmes movie (Bachelor’s thesis). Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, Jakarta.

Searle, J. R. (1969). Speech acts: An essay in the philosophy of language. Cambridge University Press.

Searle, J. R. (1979). Expression and meaning. Cambridge University Press.

Searle, J. R. (1985). Expression and meaning: Studies in the theory of speech acts. Cambridge University Press.

Searle, J. R., & Vanderveken, D. (1985). Foundations of illocutionary logic. Cambridge University Press.

Sudaryanto. (1993). Metode dan aneka teknik analisis bahasa [Methods and various techniques of language analysis]. Duta Wacana University Press.

Vanderstoep, S. W., & Johnston, D. (2008). Research method for everyday life: Blending qualitative and quantitative approaches. Jossey-Bass.

Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford University Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v7i1.13635

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Print ISSN: 2355-2794, Online ISSN: 2461-0275

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.