A discourse analysis of Melengkan at a Gayonese wedding ceremony

Irama Jaya, Bukhari Daud

Abstract


Melengkan is a special form of the Gayonese language which is spoken in poetry, lyrics, and proverbs. This study investigated its use as poetry specifically in wedding ceremonies held in Gayo, Aceh, Indonesia. The data was collected by observations and a video-recording of a traditional Gayonese wedding ceremony, as well as from interviews with melengkan speakers. We described and analyzed the context of the use of melengkan, the form of melengkan, and the cultural values conveyed through melengkan used in the wedding ceremony. The findings showed that there were six types of melengkan: Melengkan Turun Caram, Melengkan Beguru, Melengkan Munyerah Rempele, Melengkan Munerime Rempele, Melengkan Munyerah Munenes and Melengkan Munerime Munenes. The values of melengkan are for remembrance of local knowledge, warnings from customary philosophy, warnings from religion, and also for giving advice and recall the history and beauty of melengkan speech. The context of using melengkan is to perpetuate and reflect cultural values, namely, politeness, respect, speaking softly, friendliness and resoluteness. These findings imply the importance of conserving melengkan as part of the Gayonese culture in every part of their life.


Keywords


Discourse analysis; melengkan; Gayonese; wedding ceremony; Aceh

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bértoli-Dutra, P., & Bissaco, C. (2006). In the name of love - theme in U2 songs. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 33rd International Systemic Functional Congress São Paulo, Brazil.

Bogdan, R. C., & Biklen, R. K. (1998). Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theory and methods (3rd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Boghossian, P. A. (2001). What is social construction? The Times Literary Supplement. Retrieved from http://www.the-tls.co.uk/articles/private/what-is-social-construction/

Dijk, T. A. V. (2003). The discourse-knowledge interface. In G. Weiss & R. Wodak (Eds.), Critical discourse analysis: Theory and interdisciplinarity (pp. 85-109). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hakim. (2001). Daur hidup Gayo. Takengon: Pemerintah Daerah Aceh Tengah.

Harbus, A. (2002). The life of the mind in Old English poetry. Amsterdam: Rodopi B.V.

Jacobs, N. (Ed.) (2012). Early Welsh gnomic and nature poetry. London: Modern Humanities Research Association.

Jaworski, A., & Coupland, N. (Eds.). (2006). The discourse reader (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.

Lethbridge, S., & Mildorf, J. (2004). Basics of English studies: An introductory course for students of literary studies in English. Tübingen: University of Tübingen.

Melalatoa, M. J. (1982). Kebudayaan Gayo. Jakarta: PN Balai Pustaka.

Nasir, C. (2015). Attitudes of Acehnese people towards Acehnese proverbs in relation to education Studies in English Language and Education, 2(1), 45-60.

Paltridge, B. (2006). Discourse analysis: An introduction. London: Continuum International Publishing Group Ltd.

Pinan, H. A., & Aman, H. (2003). Pesona Tanoh Gayo. Takengon: Pemerintah Kabupaten Aceh Tengah.

Rahman, A. M. (2004). Discourse analysis. Banda Aceh: Ar-raniry Press.

Rocha, C. O. (2012). The implications of knowledge acquisition in Hávamál and Sigrdrífumál: A multidisciplinary approach to Eddic Wisdom poetry (Master), University of Iceland, Reykjavík.

Schiffrin, D. (1994). Approaches to discourse (2nd ed.). Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Suyanto, B., & Sutinah. (2005). Metode penelitian sosial (2nd ed.). Jakarta: Pernada Media Group.

Yusuf, Y. Q. (2013). A comparative study of vowels in the Acehnese language spoken in Kedah, Malaysia and Aceh, Indonesia. (Doctoral), University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.

Yusuf, Y. Q., & Yusuf, Q. (2014). Contemporary Acehnese cultural prohibitions and the practice of mystical threats. Kemanusiaan: The Asian Journal of Humanities, 21(2), 21–53.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v4i1.7008

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2016 Syiah Kuala University

Print ISSN: 2355-2794, Online ISSN: 2461-0275

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.