Boosting students’ speaking ability through Community Language Learning

Halimah Halimah

Abstract


This study was done to find out the effect of using the Community Language Learning (CLL) Method for teaching-learning speaking English with second semester students in the English Education Study Program at a private university in West Java in an effort to improve the English speaking skills of the students. This study used an action research method where the researcher was accompanied by an observer as a collaborator. Three cycles were done for this study. Data were gathered from observations, a questionnaire, interviews and tests. In the preliminary study, the mean score of the student’s speaking was 61. The percentage of students who passed the minimum criterion of 70 was 22% with only 6 out of 27 students passing the minimum score. The mean score from post-test 1 was 63 and only 7 students or 26% passed the minimum score. The mean score from post-test 2 was 76 and 89%, i.e. 24 students passed the minimum score. While from post-test 3 the mean score was 84 and all of the students (100%) passed the minimum score. Hence the results showed that the use of the CLL method was a success. The students enjoyed their lessons more, and were more motivated, interested and confident during the teaching-learning sessions.


Keywords


Community Language Learning Method; boost; speaking ability

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, M. (2017). Students’ speaking ability through community language learning. English and Literature Journal, 1(1), 97-126.

Ahmed, S., & Alamin, A. (2014). Assessing speaking ability in academic context for fourth year Taif University students. International Journal of English Linguistics, 4(6), 97–103.

Akhyak, & Indramawan, A. (2013). Improving the students’ English speaking competence through storytelling (A study in Pangeran Diponegoro Islamic College (STAI) of Nganjuk , East Java , Indonesia ). International Journal of Language and Literature, 1(2), 18–24.

Al-Auwal, T. M. R. (2017). Reluctance of Acehnese youth to use Acehnese. Studies in English Language and Education, 4(1), 1–14.

Alharbi, H. A. (2015). Improving students’ English speaking proficiency in Saudi public schools. International Journal of Instruction, 8(1), 105–116.

Anderson, J., & Chung, Y. C. (2011). Finding a voice: Arts-based creativity in the community languages classroom. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 14(5), 551–569.

Arifin, W. L. (2017). Psychological problems and challenge in EFL speaking classroom. REGISTER JOURNAL, Language & Language Teaching Journals, 10(1), 29–47.

Ariyanti, A. (2016). Psychological Factors affecting EFL students’ speaking performance. ASIAN TEFL: Journal of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, 1(1), 77–88.

Arnold, J. (2011). Attention to affect in language learning. Anglistik: International Journal of English Studies, 22(1), 11–22.

Bahadorfar, M., & Omidvar, R. (2014). Technology in teaching speaking skill. Acme International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 2(4), 9–13.

Curran, C. A. (1976). Counseling-learning in second languages. Apple River, IL: Apple River Press.

Chimombo, M. (1993). Counseling-learning/community language learning: A method of learner directed language teaching. Southern African Journal of Applied Language Studies, 2(1), 87–93.

Cook, V. (2001). Using the first language in the classroom. The Canadian Modern Language Review/La Revue Canadienne Des Langues Vivantes, 57(3), 402-423.

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education.

Denizer, E. N. (2017). Does mother tongue interfere in second language learning? Journal of Foreign Language Education and Technology, 2(1), 1–14.

Derakhshan, A., Khalili, A., & Beheshti, F. (2016). Developing EFL learner’s speaking ability, accuracy and fluency. English Language and Literature Studies, 6(2), 177-186.

Dewi, R. S., Kultsum, U., & Armadi, A. (2017). Using communicative games in improving students’ speaking skills. English Language Teaching, 10(1), 63–71.

Efrizal, D. (2012). Improving students’ speaking through communicative language teaching method at Mts Ja-Alhaq, Sentot Ali Basa Islamic Boarding School of Bengkulu, Indonesia. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(20), 127–134.

Fatemi, M. A., & Adel, S. M. R. (2014). An investigation of Iranian EFL learners’ and teachers’ perceptions and expectations on the most effective method of language teaching at university level. International Journal of Language Learning and Applied Linguistics World (IJLLALW), 6(2), 1–13.

Ferrance, E. (2000). Themes in education: Action research. Providence, RI: Northeast and Islands Regional Educational Laboratory.

Gani, S. A., Fajrina, D., & Hanifa, R. (2015). Students’ learning strategies for developing speaking ability. Studies in English Language and Education, 2(1), 17–30.

Ghiabi, S. (2014). Investigating the effects of story retelling technique as a closed task vs. Story-completion as an open task on EFL learners’ speaking. International Journal of English and Education, 3(3), 17-25.

Halimah, Lustyantie, N., & Ibrahim, G. A. (2018). Students’ perception on the implementation of ORAI applications in CLL method in teaching speaking. Journal of English Education and Linguistics Studies, 5(1), 1-21.

Juhana. (2012). Psychological factors that hinder students from speaking in English class (A case study in a Senior High School in South Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia). Journal of Education and Practice, 3(12), 100–110.

Kayaoğlu, M. N., & Sağlamel, H. (2013). Students’ perceptions of language anxiety in speaking classes. Journal of History Culture and Art Research, 2(2), 142–160.

Leong, L.-M., & Ahmadi, S. M. (2017). An analysis of factors influencing learners’ English speaking skill. International Journal of Research in English Education, 2(1), 34–41.

Machmud, K., & Abdulah, R. (2017). Using smartphone-integrated model of teaching to overcome students’ speaking anxiety in learning English as a foreign language. Journal of Arts & Humanities, 6(9), 1–11.

Machmud, K., & Abdulah, R. (2018). Using mobile phone to overcome students’ anxiety in speaking English. SHS Web of Conferences, 42, 1-6.

Maharani, S. (2016). The use of puppets: Shifting speaking skill from the perspective of students’ self-esteem. REGISTER JOURNAL, Language & Language Teaching Journals, 9(101–126).

Melendez, R. A. M., Zavala, G. G. Q., & Mendez, R. F. (2014). Teaching speaking strategies to beginners. European Scientific Journal, 1, 548-554.

Mirhadizadeh, N. (2016). Internal and external factors in language learning. International Journal of Modern Language Teaching and Learning, 1(5), 188-196.

Muslem, A. (2015). The effects of immersive multimedia learning with peer support on speaking skill among male and female students. Studies in English Language and Education, 2(2), 103–117.

Nagaraj, P. (2009). Application of community language learning for effective teaching. The Modern Journal of Applied Linguistics, 1(3), 174–181.

Nurhasanah, S. (2015). The use of community language learning method to increase the students’ participation in classroom conversation. REGISTER JOURNAL, Language & Language Teaching Journals, 8(1), 81–98.

Pathan, M. M., Aldersi, Z. E. M., & Alsout, E. A. G. (2014). Speaking in their Language : An overview of major difficulties faced by the Libyan. International Journal of English Language & Translation Studies, 2(3), 96–105.

Puspitasari, H., & Hanur, B. S. (2016). A panacea for teaching listening at Islamic realm: Interactive video viewing technique. Journal of English Education and Linguistics Studies, 2, 197–213.

Sagor, R. (2006). Conducting action research cycle. Portland, OR: The Institute for the Study of Inquiry in Education.

Savaşçı, M. (2014). Why are some students reluctant to use L2 in EFL speaking classes? An action research at tertiary level. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 2682–2686.

Subandowo, D. (2017). The language interference in English speaking ability for EFL learners. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the Fifth International Seminar on English Language and Teaching (ISELT-5) (pp. 205–210), May 9-10, Padang.

Tuan, N. H., & Mai, T. N. (2015). Factors affecting students’ speaking performance at Le Thanh Hien High School. Asian Journal of Educational Research, 3(2), 8–23.

Yalçın, Ö., & İnceçay, V. (2014). Foreign language speaking anxiety: The case of spontaneous speaking activities. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 2620–2624.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v5i2.9697

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2018 Syiah Kuala University

Print ISSN: 2355-2794, Online ISSN: 2461-0275

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.