Pengaruh Penambahan Molases dan Isolat Bakteri Asam Laktat dari Cairan Rumen Sapi PO Terhadap Kualitas Silase Rumput Gajah (Pennisetum purpureum)

Ismail Jasin

Abstract


(The effect of molasses and lactic acid bacteria isolated from rumen fluid of PO cattle on napier grass silage quality)

ABSTRACT. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of molasses as carbohydrate source and inoculums of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) incubated from PO cattle’s rumen fluid on the quality of Napier grass (pennisetum purpureum) silages. The research was conducted at Gemawang village Jambu District Semarang Regency. Feed analysis was carried out in Laboratory Biochemical Nutrition, Animal Feed Science, Animal Science Faculty, Gadjah Mada University. This study was assigned into Completely Randomized Design with 4 treatments and 3 replicated. The treatments were addition of molasses and LAB level into the Napier grass; 0, 1, 3 and 5% (w/w) and incubated for 30 days Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the significant effect was tested by Duncan ,s Multiple Range Test. The results showed that the addition of 1 – 5% molases significantly affected (P<0,05) lactic acid content, pH, and NH3 concentration. Increasing level of molases significantly (P<0,05) increased lactic acid content, decreased pH and NH3 concentration of Napier grass silage. However, among the treatment groups of 1, 3 and 5 % of molases was not significant (P<0,05) different on the lactic acid content, pH and NH3 concentration. Dry matter and organic matter content of Napier grass silage were not significantly (P<0,05) affected by treatments . 


Keywords


lactic acid bacteria; molasses; napier grass; rumen; Silages

Full Text:

PDF

References


AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 15th ed. Washington, DC., USA.

Bolsen, K.K., Ashbell, M.G., and Wilkinnson, J.M. 1995. Silage Additives in Biotechnology in Animal Feeding. R.J. Wallace & A. Chesson (Eds). VCH, Weinheim.

Cappucino, J.G. dan Natalie, S. 1991. Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. Rockland Community College State University of New York.

Dairy One. 2007. Dairy One Forage Lab Analytical Procedures (http://www.dairyone.com/Forage/Procedures/default.htm. Diakses pada Agustus 2013.

Filya, I. 2003. The Effect of Lactobacillus buchneri and Lactobacillus plantarum on The Fermentation, Aerobic Stability, and Ruminal Degradability of Low Dry Matter Corn and Sorgum Silages. J.Dairy Sci. 86:3575-3581.

Hall, DW., 1970. Handling and Storage of Food in Tropical and Subtropical Areas, FAO, Rome.

Heath. M.E., Metcalf, D.S. and Barnes, R.F. 1973. Forage. The Science of Grassland Agriculture. 3thEd. The Iowa State University Press.USA. p.5-23, 556-566.

Jasin, I., Sugiyono, dan Sriwahyuni. 2012. Isolation and Identification of Acid Lactic Bacteria From PO Cattles Gastric Fluid As A potential Candidate of Biopreservative. Preceding International seminar 4th- 6th September 2013. Faculty of Veterinary Medical Airlangga University Surabaya.

Kaiser, A.G. 1984. The Influence of Silage Fermentation in Animal Production. Proc. Of Nat. Workshop. New South Wales. Australia.

Kurnani, A.B.1995. Pengaruh Penambahan Berbagai Kombinasi Dedak,Tetes dan Urea Pada Panjang Cacahan Rumput raja (Penisetum purpupoides) Yang Berbeda Terhadap Kualitas Silase Yang Diukur Secara Kimia dan Biologis pada Domba. Disertasi. Universitas Padjadjaran. Bandung Indonesia

Kusriningrum. 2010. Perancangan Percobaan Cetakan kedua. Airlangga University Press. Surabaya

Leng, R.A.,1991. Application of Biotechnology to Nutrition of Animals in Developing Countries. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper no 90, Rome, Italy

McDonald, P., .Henderson, A.R., Heron S.J.E., 1991. The Biochemistry of Silage. Chalcombe Publications. Aberyswyth.

McDonald, P., R.A., Edwards, J.F.D. Greenhalgh, and C.A.Morgan.2002. Animal Nutrition, 6th Ed. Prentice Hall, London

Parakkasi, A. 1999. Ilmu Makanan Ternak Ruminansia. Universitas Indonesia Press, Jakarta.

Perry,T.W., Cullison, A.E., Lowrey, R.S. 2003. Feeds and Feeding, 3rd Ed, Practice Hall of India. New Delhi, India.

Suhardjo, H, L. L., Brady, L.D. and Judya, D., 1986. Pangan, gizi dan Pertanian. UI-Press, Jakarta.

Skerman, P.J., Riveros, F. 1990. Tropical Grasses. FAO Plant Production Series (23). Food and Agriculture Of The United Nation,Roma.

Weinberg, Z.G., Muck, R.E., Weimer, P.J., Chen, Y. & Gamburg, M. 2004. Lactic Acid Bacteria Used In Inoculants’ For Silage As Probiotics For Ruminants. Applied Biochemistry And Biotechnology. 118:1-10

Woolford, M.K., 1984. The Silage Fermentation. Marcel Dekker Inc. New York. USA




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v14i1.1205

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)




Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2019 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633
Email: samadi177@unsyiah.ac.id & info.agripet@gmail.com


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations