Pengaruh Substitusi Sebagian Ransum Komersil Ayam Petelur dengan Bahan Pakan Campuran Fermentasi Tepung Limbah Ikan Leubim (Canthidermis maculata) dan Daun Indigofera terhadap Penampilan Produksi Telur Puyuh

Zulfan Zulfan, Allaily Allaily, Cut Aida Fitri, Ilham Ilham

Abstract


ABSTRAK. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan bahan pakan fermentasi yang terutama tersusun atas tepung limbah ikan leubim dan tepung indigofera sebagai substitusi sebagian ransum komersil ayam petelur terhadap penampilan produksi telur puyuh. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan (LLP), Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala selama 10 minggu. Penelitian ini menggunakan 80 ekor puyuh (Coturnix coturnix japonica) betina dara umur 4 minggu. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok terdiri dari 4 perlakuan dan 4 kelompok. Setiap kelompok merupakan unit percobaan yang masing-masing terdiri atas 5 ekor puyuh betina dara. Ransum perlakuan adalah ransum komersil ayam petelur yang disubstitusi dengan bahan pakan campuran fermentasi: 20% tepung limbah ikan leubim + 11% tepung daun indigofera + 45,4% menir + 20% dedak jagung + 3,6% tepung kulit kerang sebanyak 0, 10, 20, dan 30%. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa ransum komersil ayam petelur dapat disubstitusi sampai 30% dengan bahan pakan campuran fermentasi yang tersusun atas tepung limbah ikan leubim 20% + tepung daun indigofera 11% + menir 45,4% + dedak jagung 20% + tepung kulit kerang 3,6% tanpa menurunkan secara nyata produksi, berat dan massa telur, konsumsi dan konversi ransum, serta berat badan akhir dan pertambahan berat badan puyuh. 

 

(Egg productions of quails fed the commercial rations partially substituted by fermentation feed ingredients based on the mixture of Leubim fish waste meal and Indigofera sp.) 

ABSTRACT. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the partial substitution of commercial ration with fermented feed ingredients based on leubim fish (Canthidermis maculata) waste meal and Indigofera sp. meal on the appearance of quail egg production. The research was conducted at the Field Laboratory of Animal Husbandry, Animal Husbandry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University for 10 weeks. The study used 80 female quails (Coturnix-coturnix japonica) at 4 weeks of age. The study was designed into randomized block design consisting of 4 treatments and 4 blocks. Each block was an experimental unit, each consisting of 5 quails. The treatment was commercial ration of laying hens partially substituted by fermented feed ingredients composed of 20% leubim fish waste meal + 11% Indigofera sp. meal + 45.4% broken rice + 20% corn bran + 3.6% clam shell meal as many as 0, 10, 20, and 30%. The results of study showed that commercial ration of laying hens could be substituted up to 30% with a mixture of fermented feed ingredients composed of 20% leubim fish waste meal +11% Indigofera sp. meal + 45.4% broken rice + 20% corn bran + 3.6% clam shell meal without significantly reduced egg production, egg weight, and egg mass, feed consumption and FCR, and final body weight and average body weight gain of quails.


Keywords


Leubim; Indigofera; fermentasi; produksi telur; puyuh; Indigofera sp; Canthidermis maculata; fermentation; egg production; quail

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akbarillah, T., Kaharuddin, D., Kususiyah, D., Hidayat., 2008. Kajian tepung daun indigofera sebagai suplemen pakan terhadap produksi dan kualitas telur puyuh. Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia. 3(1): 20-23.

Akbarillah, T., Kususiah, D.,Hidayat., 2010. Pengaruh penggunaan daun indigofera segar sebagai suplemen pakan terhadap produksi dan warna yolk itik. Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia. 5(1).

Eishu, R., 2005. Effects of dietary protein levels on production and characteristics of Japanese quail egg. Poult. Sci. 42: 130-139.

Evy, K., Utami, K.P., Syariefa. 2011. Ternak Puyuh. Trubus Swadaya, Depok.

Faristha., Latif, H., dan Zulfan., 2003. Pengkajian Lanjut Efek Penggunaan Tepung Ikan “Leubim” Terhadap Peningkatan Pertumbuhan Ayam Broiler. Laporan Penelitian Proyek Peningkatan Penelitian Pendidikan Tinggi. Direktorat Pendidikan Tinggi. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Hartadi, H., Reksohadiprodjo, S., dan Tillman. A.D., 2005. Komposisi Bahan Pakan untuk Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Hassen, A., Rethman, N.F.G., Van Niekerk, W.A., Tjelele,T.J., 2007. Influence of season/year and species on chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of five indigofera accessions. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 136: 312-322.

Lee, T.K., Shim, O.F., Tan, E.L., 1977. Part I: Protein requirement of growing Japanese quail in the tropics. Singapore J. Pri. Ind. 5(2): 70-81.

LIPI. 2019. Inokulum silase cair (binosil). https://pui.ristekdikti.go.id/index. php/lembaga/produk/MEjxODm

Makund, K.M., 2006. Response of laying Japanese quail to dietary calcium levels at two levels energy. Poult. Sci. 43: 351-356.

Muhammad, N.O., Oloyede, O.B., 2009. Protein fraction amino acid profile of Aspergillus niger-fermented Termalia catappa seed meal. Afri. J. Microbiol. Res. 3(3): 101-104.

North, M.D., Bell. D.D., 1990. Commercial Chicken Production Manual. 4th Ed. The Avi Publishing Company Inc., Westport, Connecticut.

NRC, 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. National Research Council. 9th Rev. Ed. National Academy of Science, Washington, DC.

Purnamasari, E., Bambang, I.G., Andi, N.A., 2006. Potensi dan pemanfaatan bahan baku produk tepung ikan. EPP. 3(2): 1-7.

Setianto, J., Soetrisno, E., Suharyanto., Tamzam., 2005. Penggunaan campuran cassava dan tepung indigofera sebagai pengganti jagung dalam ransum terhadap performans puyuh umur 1-5 minggu. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia. 7(2): 76-81.

Steel, R.G.D., Torrie. J.H., 1991. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. Ed. ke-2. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Suharno, B., Nazaruddin., 1994. Ternak Komersil. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Sunarno., 2004. Potensi burung puyuh. Majalah Poultry Indonesia. Ed. Feb: 61.

Supriyati, T., Purwadaria., Kompiang, I.P., 2000. Produksi Mikroba Terseleksi Pemecah Keratin Pada Bulu Ayam Skala Laboratorium. Seminar Nasional Peternakan dan Veteriner: 349-355.

Wuryadi, S., 2011. Buku Pintar Beternak dan Bisnis Puyuh. Agromedia Pustaka, Jakarta.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v20i1.15201

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Agripet

License URL: http://www.jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/agripet/about/submissions#copyrightNotice


Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2020 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633
Email: samadi177@unsyiah.ac.id & info.agripet@gmail.com


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations