Suplementasi Probiotik dan Senyawa Fitokimia terhadap Performan, Persentase Komponen Asam Lemak Terbang, Total Bakteri dan Protozoa Cairan Rumen Kambing

Solehudin Solehudin, Antonius Antonius, Simon Petrus Ginting

Abstract


ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menginvestigasi efektivitas suplementasi probiotik Saccharomyces cerevisiae dan Acetoanaerobium noterae serta senyawa fitokimia pada tepung batang pisang (TBP) dan tepung daun albezia (TDA) terhadap performan, persentase komponen asam lemak terbang dan total koloni bakteri dan protozoa cairan rumen kambing. Ternak yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah 25 ekor kambing jantan sedang tumbuh dengan bobot badan rata-rata 12,21±2,28 kg. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 5 perlakuan: pakan kontrol (R0); R0 + TBP (R1); R0 + TDA (R2); R0 + Probiotik S.c (R3); R0 + Probiotik A.n (R4). Setiap perlakuan diulang sebanyak 5 kali. Parameter yang diuji adalah konsumsi bahan kering, pertambahan bobot badan harian (pbbh) dan persentase komponen asam lemak terbang serta total koloni bakteri dan protozoa cairan rumen. Data dianalisis menggunakan analysis of variance (ANOVA) dan dilanjutkan dengan uji jarak berganda Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian perlakuan memberikan pengaruh yang tidak signifikan (p>0,05) terhadap seluruh parameter. Namun demikian, pemberian Saccharomyces cerevisiae (R3) cenderung meningkatkan pbbh, persentase komponen asam lemak terbang dan total bakteri cairan rumen. Pemberian tepung batang pisang (R2) cenderung memberikan pengaruh paling baik dalam mendefaunasi total protozoa cairan rumen. Diperlukan penelitian lebih lanjut untuk mengetahui pengaruh perlakuan lebih mendalam. 

 

(Supplementation of probiotics and phytochemical compound on performance, percentage of volatil fatty acid components, total of bacteria and protozoa of goat’s rumen fluid) 

ABSTRACT. The research was aimed to investigate supplementation effectiveness of probiotic Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Acetoanaerobium noterae and phytochemical compound from stem banana flour and albezia leaf flour on performances, percentage of volatil fatty acid components, and total of bacteria and protozoa of goat’s rumen fluid. A total 25 head of buck in growing period was used with average body weight of 12.21±2.28 kg. The research used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with five treatments: Control (R0); R0+stem banana flour (R1); R0+Albizia leaf powder (R2); R0+Saccharomyces cerevisiae (R3); RO+ Acetoanaerobium noterae (R4). Each treatments replicated five times. Parameter tested were dry matter consumption, average daily gain (ADG), percentage of fatty acid components, and total of bacterial colonies and protozoa in rumen fluid. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and continued with Duncan’s multiple range test. The result showed that all treatments no significant affected (p>0,05) on all parameter. However, supplementation of Saccharomyces cereviseae (R3) tended to increase average daily gain, percentage of volatil fatty acid components and total of bacterial colonies in rumen. Supplementation of stem banana flour (R2) tended to have the best effect on protozoa defaunating in rumen fluid. Further research is needed to determine the effect of more profound treatment.

Keywords


probiotik; fitokima; fermentasi; rumen; kambing; probiotic; phytochemical; fermentation; goat

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, A., Tarmizi, M., Febrina, D., 2017. Fraksi Serat Pelet Silase Pelepah Sawit (Elaeis guineensis) dan Indigofera (Indigofera zollingeriana) dengan Komposisi yang Berbeda. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner, Puslitbang Peternakan. hlm.648-655.

Ali, A., Maulidayanti., Elviriadi., Misrianti, R., 2015. Fraksi serat pelepah kelapa sawit dengan penambahan biomassa Indigofera. Prosiding Seminar Nasional II Pengembangan Ternak Lokal, Universitas Andalas Padang. hlm. 332-340

Antonius., Wiryawan, K.G., Thalib, A., Jayanegara, A., 2015. Digestibility and methane emission of ration based on oil palm by products supplemented with probiotics and banana stem: an in vitro study. Pakistan J. Nutr. 14(1): 37-43.

AOAC. 2012. Official Methods of Analyses (17th ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

Guedes, C.M., Goncalves, D., Rodrigues, M.A.M., Dias-Da-Silva, A., 2008. Effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast on ruminal fermentation and fiber degradation of maize silage in cows. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 145: 27-40.

Ginting, S.P., Tarigan, A., 2007. Kualitas nutrisi Stenotaphrum secundatum dan Brachiaria humidicola pada kambing. JITV. 11(4): 273-279.

Jayanegara, A., Wina, E., Soliva, C.R., Marquardt, S., Kreuzer, M., Leiber, F., 2011. Dependence of forage quality and metanogenic potential of tropical plants on their phenolic fractions as determined by principal component analysis. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 163: 231-243.

Jati, P.Z., Warly, L., Zain, M., 2019. Penggunaan baglog pelepah sawit fermentasi jamur Pleurotus astreatus untuk pakan ternak kambing. Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia. 21(3): 257-265

Makkar, H.P.S., Francis, G., Becker, K., 2007. Bioactivity of phytochemicals in some lesser-known plants and their effects and potential applications in livestock and aquaculture production systems. Animal. 1: 1371-1391.

McDonald, P., Edward, R.A., Greenhalgh, J.F.D., Morgan, C.A., 2002. Animal Nutrition. 6th Edition. Scientific and Tech John Willey & Sons. Inc, New York.

Mendez, C.R., Plascensia, A., Torrentera, N., Zinn, R.A., 2017. Effect on level and source of supplemental tannin on growth performance of steers during of late finishing phase. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 45(1):199-203

Morvan, B., Bonnemoy, F., Fonty, G., Gouet, P., 1996. Quantitative determination of H2-utilizing acetogenic and sulfate-reducing bacteria and metanogenic archaea from digestive tract of different mammals. Curr. Microbiol. 32:129-133.

Murni, R., Suparjo, A., Ginting, B.L., 2008. Buku Ajar Teknologi Pemanfaatan Limbah untuk Pakan. Universitas Jambi.

National Research Council. 1981. Nutrient requirement of Domestic Animal; Nutrient Requirement of Goat. National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC, USA.

National Research Council. 2006. Nutrient Requirement of Small Ruminant (Sheep, Goats, Cervids, and New Eorld Camelids). National Academic Press, Washington DC.

Ogimoto, K., Imai, S., 1980. Atlas of Rumen Microbiology. Jap. Sci. Soc. Press, Tokyo.

Patra, A.K., Saxena, J., 2010. A new perspective of the use of plant secondary metabolites to inhibit methanogenesis in the rumen. Phytochemistry. Elsevier. 71:1198-1222

Puastuti, W., 2009. Manipulasi bioproses dalam rumen untuk meningkatkan penggunaan pakan berserat. Wartazoa. 19(4) :180-190.

Rizali, A., Fachrianto., Hafiz, A., Anis, W., 2018. Pemanfaatan pelepah dan daun kelapa sawit melalui fermentasi Trichoderma sp. sebagai pakan sapi potong. Environ. Sci. 14(1):1-7

Santoso, U., Sartini., 2001. Reduction of fat accumulation in broiler chicken by Sauropus androgymus (katuk) leaf meal supplementation. Asian-Austr J. Anim. Sci.14:297-306

Sirait, J., Tarigan, A., Simanihuruk, K., 2011. Pemanfaatan Alfalfa yang ditanam di dataran tinggi Tobasa, Provinsi Sumatera Utara untuk pakan kambing Boerka sedang tumbuh. JITV. 16(4): 294-303.

Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H., 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A Biometrical Approach. McGraw Hill Int. Book Co. Singapore.

Tarigan, A., Ginting, S.P., 2011. Pengaruh taraf pemberian Indigofera sp. terhadap konsumsi dan kecernaan pakan serta pertambahan bobot hidup kambing yang diberi rumput Brachiaria ruziziensis. JITV. 16(1): 25-32.

Thalib, A., Haryanto, B., Kompiang, S., Mathius, I.W., 2000. Pengaruh mikromineral dan fenilpropionat terhadap performans bakteri selulolitik cocci dan batang dalam mencerna serat hijauan pakan. J. Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner. 5: 92-99.

Thalib, A., 2008. Isolasi dan identifikasi bakteri asetogenik dari rumen rusa dan potensinya sebagai inhibitor metanogenesis. JITV. 13: 197-206.

Thalib, A., Widiawati, Y., Haryanto, B., 2010. Penggunaan complete rumen modifier (CRM) pada ternak domba yang diberi hijauan pakan berserat tinggi. JITV. 15(2): 97-104.

Wina, E., 2000. Pemanfaatan ragi (yeast) sebagai imbuhan pakan ternak untuk meningkatkan produktivitas ternak ruminansia. Wartazoa, 9(2):50-56.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v20i1.15598

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Agripet

License URL: http://www.jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/agripet/about/submissions#copyrightNotice


Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2020 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633
Email: samadi177@unsyiah.ac.id & info.agripet@gmail.com


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations