Kecernaan Bahan Kering dan Bahan Organik dan Degradabilitas Serat pada Pakan yang Disuplementasi Tanin dan Saponin

Idha Muthiah Dwi Wahyuni, Anis Muktiani, Marry Christiyanto

Abstract


(Dry matter and organic matter digestibility and fiber degradability in feed by tannin and saponin supplementation)

ABSTRACT. The study was conducted to assess the effect of the addition of tannins, saponin and their combinations on the feed, as defaunation agent in the dry matter and organic matter digestibility and ADF, NDF degradability. The study used an experimental method with a completely randomized design. The treatments were T0 : feed without supplementation; T1: feed supplementation with 1,2% saponin; T2 : feed with supplemetation combined of 0,5% tannin and 0,9% saponin; T3 : feed with supplementation combined of 1,0% tannin and 0,6% saponin; T4 : feed with supplementation combined of 1,5% tannin and 0,3% saponin and T5 : feed with supplementation with 2% tannins. The result showed that DMD and OMD increased with treatment added combination  of tannin and saponin.  The best result for DMD and OMD in combination of  1,5% tannin and 0,3% saponin.  Degradability of ADF and NDF was decreased on the supplemented feed.  The addition of a combination of tannins and saponins in the feed at dose of 1% tannin and 0.6% saponin showed the best result that increased of DMD and OMD and give good value on NDF and ADF degradability.

Keywords


Tannin; saponin; dry matter digestibility; organic matter digestibility; degradability

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abreu A., Carulla, J.E., Lascano, C.E., Diaz, T.E., Kreuzer, M., Hess, H.D., 2004. Effects of Sapindus saponaria fruits on ruminal fermentation and duodenal nitrogen flow of sheep fed a tropical grass diet with and without legume. J. Anim. Sci. 82: 1392–1400.

Beauchemin, K.A., McGinn, S.M., Martinez ,T.F., McAllister, T.A., 2007. Use of condensed tannin extract from quebracho tress to reduce methane emissions from cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 85: 1990-1996.

Christiyanto, M., Soejono, M., Utomo, R., Hartadi, H., Widyobroto, B.P., 2005. Konsumsi dan kecernaan nutrien ransum yang berbeda prekrusor protein-energi dengan pakan basal rumput raja pada sapi perah. J. Indon. Trop. Anim. Agric. 30:242-247.

Ginting, S.P., 2005. Sinkronisasi degradasi protein dan energy dalam rumen untuk memaksimalkan produksi protein mikroba. Wartazoa 15 No. 1

Goetsch, A.L., Owens, F.N., 1985. Effects of sarsaponin on digestion and passage rates in cattle fed medium to low concentrate. J. Dairy Sci. 68: 2377-2384.

Hiai, S., Oura, H. and Nakajima, T., 1976. Color reaction of somesapogenins and saponins with vanillin and sulfuricacid. Planta Medica 29 : 116-122.

Hobson P.N. 1997. The Rumen Microbial Ecosystem. C.S. Stewart (Ed.). Blackie, London.

Hristov, AN., McAllister, A., Van Herk, F.H., Cheng, K.J., Newbold, C.J., Cheeke, P.R., 1999. Effect of Yucca schidigera on ruminal fermentation and nutrient digestion in heifers. J. Anim. Sci. 77: 2554-2563.

Jayanegara, A., Togtokhbayar, N., Makkar, H.P.S., Becker, K., 2008. Tannins determined by various methods as predictors of methane production reduction potential of plants by an in vitro rumen fermentation system. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 150: 230-237.

Jayanegara, A., Sofyan, A., Makkar, H.P.S. and Becker, K.,2009. Kinetika Produksi Gas, Kecernaan Bahan Organik dan Produksi Gas Metana in Vitro pada Hay dan Jerami yang Disuplementasi Hijauan Mengandung Tanin, Media Peternakan. 32: 120-129.

Lu, C.D., Jorgensen, N.A., 1987. Alfalfa saponins affect site and extent of nutrient digestion in ruminants. J. Nutr. 117: 919–927.

Makkar, H.P.S., Sidhuraju, P. and Becker, K., 2007. Plant Secondary Metabolites (Methods in Molecular Biology). 1st Edn., Humana Press, New York, pp: 130.

Makkar, H.P.S., Blummel, M., Becker, K.,1995. In vitro effect on interaction between tannins and saponins and fate of tannins in rumen. J. Sci. Food. Agric. 69: 481-493.

Manasri, N., Wanapat, M., Navanukraw,C., 2012. Improving rumen fermentation and feed digestibility in cattle by mangosteen peel and garlic pellet supplementation. J. Livestock Science 148 : 291–295.

McDonald, P., Edwards, R.A., Greenhalgh, J.F.D., Morgan, C.A., Sinclair. L.A. and Wilkinson, R.G., 2010. Animal Nutrition. Seventh Edition. Longman, New York.

McSweeney, C.S., Palmer, B., McNeil, D.M., Krause, D.O., 2001. Microbial interactions with tannins: nutritional consequences for ruminants. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 91: 83-93.

Ørskov, E. R., McDonald, I.,1979. The estimation of protein degradabality in the rumen from incubation measurements weight according to rate of passage. J. Agric. Sci. 92 : 499 - 503.

Pambayun, P., Gardjito, M., Sudarmadji, S., dan Kuswanto, K. R., 2007. Kandungan fenol dan sifat antibakteri dari berbagai jenis ekstrak produk gambir (Uncaria gambir Roxb). Majalah Farmasi Indonesia. 18: 141-146.

Singleton, V.L., Rossi, J.A., 1965. Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic-phosphotungstic acids reagen. Amer. J. enol. Viticult. 16 : 144-158.

Smith A.H., Imlay, J.A., Mackie, R.I.. 2003. Increasing the oxidative stress response allows Escherichia coli to overcome inhibitory effect of condensed tannins. Appl. and Environ.Microb. 69: 3406-3411.

Suharti, S., Astuti, D.A., Wina, E., 2009. Kecernaan nutrien dan performa produksi sapi potong Peranakan Ongole (PO) yang diberi tepung lerak (Sapindus rarak) dalam ransum. JITV 14: 200-207.

Soejono, M., Utomo, R., Budi, S.P.S., dan Agus, A., 2002. Mutu pakan sapi potong ditinjau dari kebutuhan nutrisi. Makalah disampaikan pada pertemuan Pengawas Mutu Pakan Ternak Dinas Peternakan Propinsi Jawa Timur, Surabaya.

Tilley, J.M.A. and Terry, R.A., 1963. A two stage technique for the in vitro digestion of forage.J. British Grassland Soc. 18:104–111.

Tillman, A.D., Hartadi, H., Reksohadiprodjo, S., Prawirokusumo, S., dan Lebdosoekojo, S., 1998. Ilmu Makanan Ternak Dasar. Gadjah Mada Univesity Press, Yogyakarta.

Van Soest, P.J., 1963. Use of detergents in the analysis of fibrous feeds. II. A rapid method for the determination of fiber and lignin. Journal of the Association of Official Analitical Chemists 46:828.

Van Soest, P.J., 1994. Nutritional Ecology of The Ruminant. 2nd Ed. Comstock Publishing Associates a Division of Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London.

Widyobroto, B.P., Soejono, M. dan Utomo, R., 1998. Pengukuran Degradasi In Sacco: Review Metodologi. Lokakarya Standarisasi Pengukuran Degradasi In Sacco di Indonesia. Fak. Peternakan Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Wina, E., Muetzel, S., Becker, K., 2005. The impact of saponin-containing plant materials on ruminant production-a review. J. Agric. Food Chem. 53 : 8093-105.

Wiseman, J. and Cole, W.J.A., 1990. Feedstuff Evaluation. Butterworth, London




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v14i2.1886

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)




Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2019 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633
Email: samadi177@unsyiah.ac.id & info.agripet@gmail.com


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations