Respon Superovulasi Sapi Persilangan Belgian Blue dengan Metode yang Berbeda

Fahrudin Darlian, Sri Wahjuningsih, Anny Rosmayanti, Sepatria Jodiansyah, Ludi Ahmad Jalaludin, Yanyan Setiawan, Trinil Susilawati

Abstract


ABSTRACT. Superovulasi merupakan suatu metode pemanfaatan induk betina unggul untuk menghasilkan embrio sebanyak-banyaknya untuk kegiatan transfer embrio. Tujuan penelitian ini membandingkan 2 teknik superovulasi yang berbeda pada sapi persilangan Belgian Blue. Penelitian dilakukan di Balai Embrio Ternak Cipelang Bogor dengan menggunakan 24 ekor sapi persilangan Belgian Blue dengan umur 2-3 tahun, masing-masing perlakuan 12 ekor. Penelitian dilakukan secara eksperimen dengan dua perlakuan, P1 = Superovulasi menggunakan penyuntikan FSH selama 3 hari pada pagi dan sore (metode konvensional) dengan dosis 400 mg FSH dalam 20 ml pelarut dan P2 = Superovulasi menggunakan penyuntikan tunggal (satu kali) FSH dengan dosis 400 mg FSH dalam 3 ml pelarut . Parameter pada penelitian ini adalah Jumlah Corpus luteum (CL), respon rate, perolehan embrio, kualitas embrio, recovery rate, dan tingkat fertilisasi. Data yang diperoleh diuji dengan uji T tidak berpasangan. Hasil analisa data menunjukkan hasil yang tidak berbeda nyata (P>0,05) pada jumlah CL P1 : 8,42+3,06 dan P2 : 6,08+4,74; Respon rate P1 : 100% dan P2 : 75%; Total perolehan embrio P1 : 6,08+2,64 embrio dan P2 : 4,45+4,01 embrio; Embrio recovery rate P1 : 70,37+9,18% dan P2 : 61,33+12,12%; Embrio Layak Transfer P1 : 3,83+2,92 embrio dan P2 : 2,73+2,28 embrio; dan berbeda nyata (P<0,05) pada rataan fertilisasi P1 : 79,10% dan P2 : 95,26%. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah teknik superovulasi penyuntikan tunggal FSH secara subkutan memberikan efek superovulasi dan menghasilkan embrio dengan jumlah dan kualitas yang tidak berbeda nyata dengan teknik superovulasi konvensional.

 

(Superovulation Responses of Belgian Blue Crossbreed Cattle Treated with Different Superovulation Methods)

ABSTRAK. Superovulation is a technique for producing a large number of embryos for embryo transfer using a genetically superior female. The purpose of this research was to compare two alternative methods of superovulation in Belgian Blue crossbreed cattle. The study used 24 Belgian Blue crossbred cattle aged 2-3 years, including 12 cows per treatment, at the National Livestock Embryo Center of Cipelang in Bogor. The research was done in an experimental setting using two different treatments, P1 = Superovulation using twice daily FSH injections for three days at a dose of 400 mg FSH dissolved in 20 ml of saline, and P2 = Superovulation using FSH single injections at a dose of 400 mg FSH dissolved in 3 ml of saline. The parameters in this study were the number of corpus luteum (CL), response rate, total number of embryo/ova collection, embryo quality, recovery rate, and fertilization rate. The data obtained were tested by unpaired T test. The results of data analysis showed results that were not significantly different (P>0.05) on the number of CL P1 : 8.42+3.06 and P2 : 6.08+4.74; Response rate P1 : 100% and P2 : 75%; Total number of embryos collection P1 : 6.08+2.64 embryos and P2 : 4.45+4.01 embryos; Embryo recovery rate P1 : 70.37+9.18% and P2 : 61.33+12.12%; Transferable Embryos P1 : 3.83+2.92 embryos and P2 : 2.73+2.28 embryos; and significantly different (P<0.05) on fertilization rate P1 : 79.10% and P2 : 95.26%. The conclusion of this study show that the subcutaneous FSH single injection technique induces superovulation and produces embryos that are similar in number and quality to those produced by conventional superovulation techniques.

Keywords


Metode superovulasi; penyuntikan tunggal FSH; persilangan Belgian Blue; respon superovulasi; Belgian Blue cross cattle; method of superovulation; subcutaneous FSH single injection; superovulation responses

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agung, P.P., Said, S., Sudiro, A., 2016. Myostatin gene analysis in the first generation of the belgian blue cattle in Indonesia. JITAA. 41(1):13-20. https: //DOI. org/10. 14710 /jitaa. 41.1.13-20.

Bó, G.A., Mapletoft, R.J., 2020. Superstimulation of ovarian follicles in cattle: Gonadotropin treatment protocols and FSH profiles. Theriogenology. 150: 353-359. DOI: 10. 1016/j.theriogenology.2020.02.001

Bo, G.A., Rogan, D.R., Mapletoft, R.J., 2018. Pursuit of a method for single administration of pFSH for superstimulation in cattle: what we have learned. Theriogenology. 112: 26-33.

Bó, G.A., R.J. Mapletoft. 2014. Historical perspectives and recent research on superovulation in cattle. Theriogenology 81: 38-48. DOI: 10. 1016/j.theriogenology. 2013.09.020

Cizmeci, S.U., Guller, M., 2018. Superovulation in Cows: A Review. Inter J. Vet. Sci. 7(2): 65-68.

Hardiyanto, D., Sumantri, C., Zamanti, D., 2016. Kualitas embrio pada sapi simmental dan limousin dengan kadar protein pakan berbeda. Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan. 04(2): 319-324.

Hiraizumi, S., Nishinomiya, H., Oikawa, T., Sakagami, N., Sano, F., Nishino, O., Kurahara, T., Nishimoto, N., Ishiyama, O., Hasegawa, Y., Hashiyada. Y., 2015. Superovulatory response in japanese black cows receiving a single subcutaneous porcine follicle stimulating hormone treatment or six intramuscular treatments over three days. Theriogenology 83: 466-473. DOI: 10. 1016/j.theriogenology. 2014. 09.012.

Hussein, M.M., Abdel-Aziz, R.L., Abdel-Wahab, A., El-Said. H., 2014. Preliminary study of factors affecting the superovulatory response of high producing dairy cows superstimulated regardless of the stage of estrous cycle in Egypt. Beni-Suef Univ J Basic Appl Sci. 3: 286-292. DOI: 10. 1016/ j.bjbas.2014.11.002.

IETS., 2010. Manual of The International Embryo Transfer Society. Edisi ke 4. Stringfellow DA dan MD. Givens, editor. Champaign (IL): International Embryo Transfer Society.

Imron, M., Supriatna, I., Amrozi., 2016. Respons superovulasi sapi peranakan ongole terhadap penyuntikan tunggal follicle stimulating hormone ke dalam ruang epidural. J. Veteriner. 17(1): 78-87. DOI: 10.19087/Jveteriner.2016.17.1.78

Jiang, X., Liu, H., Chen, X., Chen, P., Fischer, D., Sriraman, V., Yu, H.N., Arkinstall, S., He, X., 2012. Structure of follicle-stimulating hormone in complex with the entire ectodomain of its receptor. PNAS. 109(31): 12491-12496

Jodiansyah, S., Imron, M., Sumantri, C., 2013. Tingkat respon superovulasi dan produksi embrio in vivo dengan sinkronisasi CIDR. Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan. 1(3): 184-190.

Kimura, K., 2016. Superovulation with a single administration of FSH in aluminum hydroxide gel: a novel superovulation method for cattle. J. Reprod. Dev. 62(5): 423-429. DOI: 10.1262/jrd.2016-066.

Mapletoft, R., Bó, G., 2012. The evolution of improved and simplified superovulation protocols in cattle. Reprod Fertil Dev. 24: 278-283. DOI: 10.1071/RD11919.

Martins, C.M., Rodrigues, C.A., Vieira, L.M., Mapletoft, R.J., Bó, G.A., Sá Filho, M.F., Baruselli, P.S. 2012. The effect of timing of the induction of ovulation on embryo pro¬duction in superstimulated lactating holstein cows undergoing fixed-time artificial insemination. Theriogenology. 78(5): 974-980. DOI: 10. 1016/ j. theriogenology. 2012.05.007.

Supriatna, I., 2018. Transfer Embrio pada Ternak Sapi. Bogor: Seameo Biotrop. ISBN: 978-979-8275-58-6.

Susilawati, T., 2011. Spermatology. Malang: Universitas Brawijaya Press. ISBN: 978-602-8960-04-5.

Wahjuningsih, S., Susilawati, T., Suyadi, Ihsan, M.N., Busono, W., Isnaini, N., Yekti, A.P.A., 2019. Teknologi Reproduksi Ternak. Malang: Universitas Brawijaya Press. ISBN : 978-602-432-843-6.

Wiley, C.E., 2017. Methods to enhance embryo quality and recovery rates in superovulated beef cows. Tesis. Iowa State University. https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/15642.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v21i2.20407

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Agripet

License URL: http://www.jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/agripet/about/submissions#copyrightNotice


Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2021 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633
Email: jurnalagripet@unsyiah.ac.id


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations