Pengaruh Pemberian Konsentrat Fermentasi dan Silase Eceng Gondok (Eichhornia crassipes) terhadap Konsumsi Pakan, Pertambahan Berat Badan, dan Kimia Darah Domba Ekor Tipis

Achmad Hk Situmorang, M. Aman Yaman, Elmy Mariana

Abstract


ABSTRACT. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian konsentrat fermentasi dan silase eceng gondok (Eichhornia crassipes) terhadap konsumsi pakan, pertambahan berat badan, dan kimia darah pada domba ekor tipis. Sebanyak 16 ekor domba ekor tipis digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap pola faktorial terdiri dari 2 faktor yaitu: faktor pakan yang terdiri atas P0 (pakan basal 100%), P1 (pakan basal 80% dan konsentrat fermentasi 20%), P2 (pakan basal 70%, konsentrat fermentasi 10%, dan silase eceng gondok 20%), P3 (pakan basal 60%, konsentrat fermentasi, 10%, dan silase eceng gondok 30%) dan faktor jenis kelamin (jantan dan betina). Parameter penelitian yang diamati adalah konsumsi pakan, pertambahan berat badan, kadar protein, glukosa, dan kolesterol dalam darah. Data yang diperoleh dianalisa dengan analisis sidik ragam, jika diperoleh hasil yang berbeda akan dilanjutkan dengan uji jarak berganda Duncan. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan perbedaan jenis kelamin berpengaruh sangat nyata (P<0,01) terhadap konsumsi pakan, pertambahan berat badan, dan kadar kolesterol darah domba ekor tipis. Perlakuan pakan berpengaruh sangat nyata (P<0,01) terhadap pertambahan berat badan, tetapi tidak memberikan pengaruh terhadap kimia darah. Kesimpulannya penggunaan silase eceng gondok sebagai substitusi pakan basal dengan imbangan yang berbeda mampu meningkatkan konsumsi pakan, berat badan harian domba ekor tipis, dan tidak memengaruhi kesehatan ternak jika ditinjau dari komponen kimia darah yang terdiri atas dan kadar glukosa, protein, dan kolesterol darah.

 

(Effect of fermentation concentrate and water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) silage on feed consumption, weight gain, and blood chemistry of thin-tailed sheep)

ABSTRAK. This study aimed to determine the effect of fermented concentrate and water hyacinth silage (Eichhornia crassipes) on feed consumption, weight gain, and blood chemistry of thin-tailed sheep. A total of 16 thin tailed-sheep were used in this study. The research design used was a completely randomized design with a factorial pattern consisting of 2 factors, namely: feed factor consisting of P0 (100% basal feed), P1 (80% basal feed and 20% fermented concentrate), P2 (70% basal feed, 10% concentrate fermentation, and 20% water hyacinth silage), P3 (60% basal feed, 10% fermented concentrate, and 30% water hyacinth silage) and sex factors (male and female). The research parameters observed were feed consumption, weight gain, protein, glucose, and cholesterol levels in the blood. The data obtained were analyzed by analysis of variance and continued with Duncan's Multiple Range Test. The results showed that sex differences had a very significant effect (P<0.01) on feed consumption, weight gain, and blood cholesterol levels of thin-tailed sheep. Feed treatment had a very significant effect (P<0.01) on weight gain but did not affect blood chemistry. In conclusion, the use of water hyacinth silage as a substitute for basal feed was able to increase feed consumption, a daily body weight of thin-tailed sheep, and did not affect livestock health when viewed from the blood chemistry components consisting of glucose, protein, and cholesterol levels.

Keywords


domba ekor tipis; kimia darah; konsentrat fermentasi; silase eceng gondok; blood chemistry; fermented concentrate; thin-tailed sheep; water hyacinth silage

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v21i2.22664

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