Pengaruh Tepung Tanaman Meniran (Phyllanthus niruri Linn) Sebagai Pakan Tambahan Terhadap Mikroflora Usus Halus Ayam Pedaging

Lestariningsih Lestariningsih, Osfar Sjofjan, Edhy Sudjarwo

Abstract


(Effect of meniran powder as feed additive on microflora small intestine of broiler)

ABSTRACT.  Meniran plant powder has potential as feed additive that can help balancing the microflora of small intestine of broilers . However, it is but not yet known that the best optimum level of meniran plant powder given effect on small intestine microflora of broiler. The purpose of this study was to find the best level of meniran powder that used to inhibited the growth of small intestine microfora (lactad acid bacteria and Eschirichia coli). This study consist of 4 treatments which were (P0= Antibiotic 100 %, P1= meniran powder 0 %, P2= meniran powder 0,8 % and P3 = meniran powder 1,2 %). Variable tested in this study wereLAB and Eschirichia coli. Nested Completely Randomized Design method used and if there was a different effect , it would tested by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. The result of the research indicated that meniran plant powder had a not significant effect (P>0.05) on small intestine microflora of broiler (BAL dan Escherichia coli). It was noted that supplementation meniran plant powder at level of 0,8% gave the best effect on the small intestine microflora.


Keywords


Meniran; powder small intestine; broiler

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abun, 2008. Hubungan Mikroflora dengan Metabolisme dalam Saluran Pencernaan Unggas. Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia.

Akroum, S., Bendjeddou, D., Satta, D and Lalaoul, K., 2009. Antibacterial Activity and Acute Toxicity Effect of Flavonoids Extracted from Mentha longifolia. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research. 4 (2): 93-96.

Bjerrum, L., Engberg, R.M., Leser, T.D., Jensen, B.B., Finster, K and Pedersen, K., 2006. Microbial Community Composition of the Ileum and Cecum of Broiler Chickens as Revealed by Molecular and Culture-Based Techniques. Poultry Science. 85 : 1151–1164.

Cushnie, T.P.T and Lamb, A.J., 2005. Antimicrobial Activity of Flavonoids. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. 26: 343–356.

Desniar, I., Rusmana, Suwanto, A dan Mubarik, N.R., 2012. Senyawa Antimikroba yang Dihasilkan oleh Bakteri Asam Laktat Asal Bekasam. Jurnal Akuatika. 3 (2) : 135-145.

Engberg, R.M., Hedeman, M.S., Leser, T.D and Jensen, B.B., 2000. Effect of Zinc Bacitracin and Salinomycin on Intestinal Microflora and Performance of Broilers. Poultry Science. 79: 1311–1319.

Gusminarni, 2009. Aktivitas Penghambatan Bakteri Asal Saluran Pencernaan Ayam Broiler terhadap Escherichia coli dan Salmonella spp pada Berbagai Media,Aeras, pH dan Suhu. http: //repository.ipb.ac.Id bitstream handle/123456789/4449/2009 gus.Pdf? sequence = 4. [26 Desember 2011].

Harimurti, S., Rahayu, E.S., Nasroedin dan Kurniasih, 2005. Bakteri Asam Laktat dari Intestin Ayam sebagai Agensia Probiotik. Animal Production. 82 – 91.

Janingrum, E.D., 2002. Isolasi Bakteri Asam Laktat Penghasil Bakteriosin. Skripsi, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia.

Knarreborg, A., Simon, M.A., Engberg, R.M., Jensen, B.B and Tannock, G.W., 2002. Effects of Dietary Fat Source and Subtherapeutic Tarafs of Antibiotic on the Bacterial Community in the Ileum of Broiler Chickens at Various Ages. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 5918–5924.

Lu, J., Idris, U., Harmon, B., Hofacre, C., Maurer, J and Margie D. Lee., 2003. Diversity and Succession of the Intestinal Bacterial Community of the Maturing Broiler Chicken. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 6816–6824.

Lunggani, A.T., 2007. Kemampuan Bakteri Asam Laktat dalam Menghambat Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Aflatoksin B2 Aspergillus Flavus. Jurnal BIOMA. 9 (2): 45-51.

Manimozhi, D.M., Sankaranarayanan, S and Sampathkumar, G., 2012. Evaluating the Antibacterial Activity of Flavonoid Extracted from Ficus Benghalensis. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Research. 3 (1).

Paramitasari, I., 2009. Aplikasi Substrat Antimikroba dari Bakteri Asam laktat sebagai Biopreservatif pada Bakso Daging Sapi dengan Penyimpanan Dingin. Skripsi, Program Studi Teknologi Hasil Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Institute Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia.

Pelczar, M.J dan Chan, E.C.S., 1988. Dasar- Dasar Mikrobiologi. Terjemahan Universitas Indonesia Press. Jakarta.

Prior, R.L., Wu ,X and Gu, L., 2006. Perspective Flavonoid Metabolism and Challenges to Understanding Mechanisms of Health Effects. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 86 : 2487-2491.

Rajeshwar, Y., Ahmad, R., Sunder, A.S., Devilal, J., Gupta, M and Mazumder, U.K., 2008. In VitoPeroxidation Inhibitory and Antimicrobial Activity of Phillanthus niruri Extract. Iranian Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Hlm. 67-70.

Rattanachaikunsopon, P and Phumkhachorn, P., 2010. Contents and Antibacteria Activity of Flavonoids Extracted from Leaves of Psidium Guajava. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 4 (5) : 393-396.

Sjofjan, O., 2001. Isolasi dan Identifikasi Mikroflora Usus Ayam Petelur sebagian Sumber Probiotik. Skripsi, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.

Soeparno, 1998. Ilmu dan Teknologi Daging. Cetakan ke-5. Gajah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Venugopalan, V., Dinesh, M.S and Geetha, K.S., 2010. Enhancement of Antimicrobial Potential of Phillanthus niruri by Fermentation. Journal of HerbalMedicine and Toxicology. 4 (2) : 176-175.

Warsito, E. R., 2012. Pengaruh Enkapsulasi Fitobiotik sebagai Aditif Pakan terhadap Mikroflora Usus Halus Ayam Pedaging. Skripsi, Fakultas Peternakan. Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v15i2.2305

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Jurnal Agripet

License URL: http://www.jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/agripet/about/submissions#copyrightNotice


Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2019 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633
Email: samadi177@unsyiah.ac.id & info.agripet@gmail.com


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations