Produk Metabolisme Rumen pada Sapi Peranakan Ongole Fase Tumbuh

S.N.O. Suwandyastuti

Abstract


Rumen metabolism product on growing cattle ongole grade

ABSTRACT. The utilization of fermented fibrous waste material had improved the product of rumen metabolism in vitro, nevertheless, it was not always the same result if treated on animal, in vivo. An experiment had been conducted to investigate the result of the in vitro trial to the growing male cattle of Ongole Grade.  The experiment had been conducted by experimental method using twelve (12) growing male cattle of Ongole Grade.  The trial was conducted in Completely Randomized Block Design, during seven months period, three months adaption, two weeks preliminary, three months feeding trial and two weeks digestion trial.  The treatment tested were: R0 = control ration, non fermented; R1 = mesh type fermented and R2 = pellet type fermented. The variables measured were: the production of Total Volatile Fatty Acid (T-VFA); asetate (C2), propionate (C3), butyrate (C4).  The result shown that the treatment, biological and physical, of complete feed, does not influence on the production of T-VFA as well as on the composition (C2, C3 and  C4).  Nevertheless based on all the variables measured, the biological treatment with fermentation tends to increase the production of rumen metabolism, and the highest result of the products of T-VFA = 112,43 + 17,2 mM/L, C2 = 40,46 + 8,98 mM/L, C3 = 34,57 + 7,35 mM/L, C4 = 31,17 + 7,35 mM/L,  were resulted from pellet type of complete feed.  The result of experiment concludes : (1) based on the production of VFA as well as its composition, and the balance of C2 / C3, the utilization of complete feed both mesh and pellet type increases the efficiency of energy utilization on the growing male of Ongole Grade Cattle;  (2) based on rumen metabolism product, the recommended complete feed for growing male cattle of Ongole grade is in the form of fermented pellet.


Keywords


feed; physical form; rumen metabolism; growing cattle

Full Text:

PDF

References


Gill, J.L., 1978. Design and Analysis Experiment in the Animals and Medical Sci. Vol.2. The Iowa State Univ. of Florida. Gainesville, Florida.

National Research Council, 1990. Nutrient Requirement of Beef Cattle. Nat. Acad. Sci. Washington. OC.

Steel, G.G.D. and Torrie, J.H. 1981. Principles and procedures of statistics: A biometrical approach. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Suwandyastuti, S.N.O., 1994. Pemanfaatan Limbah Budidaya Jamur Merang untuk Makanan Pedet Jantan Lepas Sapih. Laporan Penelitian. DIP OPF Fakultas Peternakan UNSOED, Purwokerto.

Suwandyastuti, S.N.O., 1996. Pengaruh Penambahan Energi, Sulfur dan Fosfor Terhadap Produk Metabolisme Rumen pada Pengukuran Secara in vitro. Laporan Penelitian. Fakultas Peternakan UNSOED. Purwokerto.

Suwandyastuti, S.N.O., Subardjo, B., Efka, A.R. dan Prayitno, 1997. Pemanfaatan Limbah Berserat Sebagai Pakan Ternak Ruminansia Melalui Peningkatan Kualitas Energi dengan Protein dengan Mikroba. Sub Judul 3. Sifat dan Kualitas Protein Hidrolisat Jerami Padi, Dedak Padi dan Onggok Terfermentasi. Laporan Penelitian. HB. III/3 Perguruan Tinggi Tahun 1996/1997, Fakultas Peternakan UNSOED Purwokerto.

Suwandyastuti, S.N.O., 2007. Produk Metabolisme Rumen pada Domba Jantan. J. Anim. Prod. 9 (1): 9-13.

Suwandyastuti, S.N.O., Rimbawanto, E.A. dan Iriyanti, N., 2010. Pengaruh Timbangan Jerami Padi, Dedak Padi dan Onggok Terhadap Kecernaan dan Produk Fermentasi Rumen Secara in vitro. J. Agripet. 10 (2) : 59-63.

Suwandyastuti, S.N.O. dan Rimbawanto, E.A., 2011. Pemanfaatan Limbah Berserat Dalam Konsentrat Untuk Sapi Jantan Umur Satu Tahun. J. Agripet. 11 (1) : 1-4.

University of Wisconsin, 1966. General Laboratory Procedure. Dept. of Dairy Science, Wisconsin.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v13i1.550

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)




Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2019 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633
Email: samadi177@unsyiah.ac.id & info.agripet@gmail.com


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations