Kajian Nilai Energi Metabolis Biji Sorghum Melalui Teknologi Sangrai Pada Ayam Petelur Periode Afkir

Hanny Indrat Wahyuni, Retno Iswarin Pujaningsih, Padwi Anwar Sayekti

Abstract


Evaluation of metabolic energy value of roasted sorghum in culled laying chickens 

ABSTRACT. Tannin contained in sorghum can be reduced by using technology processing such as roasting. By using this way, husk of sorghum can be removed leading to decrease of tannin content which is reflected by the value of metabolism energy. The purpose of this experiment is to investigate the effect of roasted sorghum on metabolism energy of culled laying chickens. Measurement of metabolic energy as mathematic is used as comparison. The material used in his experiment was red sorghum, water, and 39 culled laying chickens. Equipment used in this experiment was balance, roasting tool, plastic, force feeding equipment, metabolism cages and bomb calori-meter. This experiment used completely randomized design consisting of 4 treatments and 4 replications (each replication 3 chickens). Treatment consisted of T0 = no roasted sorghum, T1 = roasted for 5 minutes and T2 = roasted for 10 minutes. Data collected were metabolism energy of roasted sorghum both biologically (force feeding) and mathematically (proximate analysis) at culled laying chickens. All data were statistically calculated, further statistically was conducted by using Duncan and compression of metabolism energy was calculated by using t-Test. The results show that, no statistically effect (p>0, 05) on duration of roasting on metabolism energy of sorghum. Based on t-Test analysis, there was a significantly difference (p<0, 05) between biological metabolism and mathematical metabolism. From this experiment, it can be concluded that 10 minutes of roasting cannot increase of sorghum metabolic energy. The average of biological metabolic was lower (3105, 94 kcal/kg) compared to the average of mathematical metabolic energy (3766, 82 kcal/kg).


Keywords


sorghum; roasting; metabolic energy; chicken

Full Text:

PDF

References


Banerjee, G.C., 1978. Animal Nutrition. 4ed. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Calcuta, New Delhi.

Bekti, E., Haslina, Sri, H., dan Sani, E. Y., 1996. Beberapa cara blanching dalam waktu yang berbeda terhadap kadar tanin dan vitamin C pada pisang kepok gablok. Saintek Vol:04:23-29.

Buckle, K.A., Edwards, R.A., Fleet, G.H. dan Wootton, M., 1987. Ilmu Pangan. Penerbit Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta. (Diterjemahkan oleh H. Purnomo dan Adiono).

Departemen Pertanian, 1998. Sorghum dan Cara Pengolahan. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Ungaran. Instalasi Penelitian dan Pengkajian Pertanian. Bagian Proyek Teknologi Pertanian, Yogyakarta (Tidak Dipublikasikan).

Gardjito, M. dan Hastuti, P., 1988. Teknologi Pengolahan Serealia. Pusat Antar Universitas Pangan dan Gizi. Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. (Tidak dipublikasikan).

Mudjisihono, R. dan Suprapto, H.S., 1987. Budidaya dan Pengolahan Sorghum. Cetakan ke-3. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Murtidjo, B.A., 1997. Pedoman Meramu Pakan Unggas. Penerbit Kanisius. Yogyakarta.

Nurgiyantoro, B., Gunawan dan Marzuki., 2000. Statistik Terapan untuk Ilmu-ilmu Sosial. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Pond, W.G., Church, D.C. and Pond, K.R., 1995. Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding. 4th Ed. John Willey and Sons Inc, Canada.

Price, M.L., Van Scoyoc S. and Butler, L.G., 1978. A critical examination of the valinin reaction as an assay for tannin in sorghum grain. J. Agriculture. Food Chemical. 26:1214-1218.

Ranjhan, S.K., 1986. Animal Nutrition and Feeding Practices. 3th Edition. Vikas Publishing House LTD, New Delhi.

Rasyaf, M., 1990. Bahan Makanan Unggas di Indonesia. Cetakan ke-7. Penerbit Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

Schneider, B.H. and Flatt, W.P., 1975. The Evaluation of Feeds Through Digestibility Experiments. The University of Georgia Press, Athens.

Sibbald, L.R., 1995. The True Metabolizable Energy of Feed Evaluation. Animal Research Centre, Ottawa.

Siswohardjono, W., 1982. Beberapa Metode Pengukuran Energi Metabolis Bahan Makanan Ternak pada Itik. Makalah Seminar Fakultas Pasca Sarjana. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Steel, R.G.D. dan Torrie, J.H., 1995. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika Pendekatan Biometrik. Cetakan ke-5. Alih Bahasa B. Sumantri. PT Gramedia, Jakarta.

Sudaro, W. dan Siriwa, A., 2001. Ransum Ayam dan Itik. Cetakan ke -4. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Suliantari, W. dan Rahayu, P., 1990. Teknologi Fermentasi Umbi-umbian dan Biji-bijian. Fakultas Peternakan Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Sulistiyanto, B., 2001. Studies on Physic Biological and Metabolic Responses to Carbohydrate Loading on Newly Hatched Broiler Chicks. Disertasi Tohoku. University Japan. (Tidak dipublikasikan).

Tillman, A.D., Hartadi, H., Prawirokoesoemo, S., Reksohadiprodjo, S. dan Lebdosoekojo., 1998. Ilmu Makanan Ternak Dasar. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Wahju, J., 1997. Ilmu Nutrisi Unggas. Cetakan ke-4. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v8i1.605

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)




Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2019 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633
Email: samadi177@unsyiah.ac.id & info.agripet@gmail.com


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations