Struktur komunitas mangrove di Pulau Mare, Kota Tidore Kepulauan, Provinsi Maluku Utara (Community structure of mangrove in Mare Island, Tidore City, Maluka Utara Province

Nebuchadnezzar Akbar, Abdurrachman Baksir, Irmalita Tahir, Dondy Arafat

Abstract


This study aimed to obtain information mangrove ecological index in Mare Island, Tidore Kepulauan, North Maluku. Collecting data in 2015, divided into three locations were determined based representation and the representation of mangrove. The sampling of mangrove using "line transect quadrant". The results obtained by mangrove thickness between 85-150 meters with 5 types of 3 families mangrove. Rhizophora mangrove species are found most dominating every station. Mangrove ecological index categories density, frequency, cover and species diversity is highest at the station I. While important value criteria at each station are 300. Analysis of vegetation mangrove species at each station obtained density, frequency, species diversity and the importance of the highest species is Rhizophora apicullata, then cover the highest species is Sonneratia alba. Overall results of observation and analysis, illustrating that the condition of mangroves on the island of Mare in the category of low/sparse.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh informasi indeks ekologi mangrove di Pulau Mare, Tidore Kepulauan, Maluku Utara. Pengambilan data pada tahun 2015 yang terbagi atas tiga lokasi yang ditetapkan berdasarkan keterwakilan dan reprsentasi mangrove. Pengambilan contoh mangrove, di lakukan dengan menggunakan metode line transect quadrant. Hasil penelitian diperoleh ketebalan mangrove diantara 85-150 meter  dengan 5 jenis dari 3 famili mangrove. Jenis mangrove Rhizophora ditemukan paling mendominasi disetiap stasiun. Indeks ekologi mangrove kategori kerapatan, frekuensi, tutupan dan keanekaragaman jenis paling tinggi terdapat di stasiun satu. Sedangkan kriteria nilai penting pada setiap stasiun adalah 300. Analisis vegetasi jenis mangrove pada setiap stasiun diperoleh kerapatan, frekuensi, keanekaragaman jenis dan nilai penting jenis tertinggi adalah Rhizophora apicullata, kemudian tutupan jenis tertinggi adalah Sonneratia alba. Keseluruhan hasil pengamatan dan analisis, menggambarkan bahwa kondisi mangrove di pulau Mare masuk dalam kategori rendah.

 


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13170/depik.5.3.5578

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